With regards to netilas yadayim:
The Aruch Hashulchan 160:17 brings a machlokes if one can use something else besides water. The Raavad and Rosh hold only water can be used and Rashi and the Rashba hold other things can be used (if it is a different color then there is a discussion about this). The Rashba says that one should not use wine which is a davar choshev to wash with. It seems that washing with any type of juice drink is baal tashchis(wasting) and shouldn’t be used
l’chatchila(if one has water),but in an instance where one doesn’t have any water then one could use fruit juice(and maybe even wine).
Certainly in a case where one doesn’t have water one could use beer which is cooked andits main ingredient is water. Some poskim only allow white wine to be used but majority of the poskim lean towards allowing red wine as well.