This is a question specific to Ashkenazim (Nusach Ashkenaz, Nusach Ari, and Nusach Sefard).

On Shabbat, after the Torah Reading and before Mussaf, 3 prayers, (2 Yikkum Purkans and a Mi Sheberach) are recited. On Yom Tov that falls out on a weekday, we are instructed to skip those prayers.

Why skip Yikum Purkan and the Mi Sheberach for the congregation on a holiday that falls out on a weekday?

There doesn't appear to be any Shabbat specific text, so why omit it?


Rabbi Ari Henkin’s musings quotes the Siddur Harashban 20b to say that

Yekum Purkan is not recited on a weekday Yom Tov in order to allow for the already lengthy services to end that much earlier, so that people can get home and prepare their Yom Tov meal.[3] Indeed, it is reserved especially for Shabbat, as it is primarily a prayer for those who study the Torah, which was given on Shabbat.[4] It is also suggested that Yekum Purkan is recited only on Shabbat in order to recall that the Exilarch[5] would be present in the synagogue on Shabbat morning and reciting it then was considered to be a gesture of honor towards him.[6]

[3] Siddur Harashban 20b; Rokeaich 53.
[4] Ziv Hashabbat p.183.
[5] See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exilarch.
[6] Sefer Yuchsin p.121; Safra Chadeta p. 91 cited in Rite and Reason p. 252.

I do not know why the Exilarch didn’t, as implied, come to synagogue on Yom Tov.

  • 2
    The early Exilarchs were likley making aliyah b'regel on yontiv. Jun 11 '13 at 16:46
  • What about the Mi Sheberach?
    – Menachem
    Jun 24 '13 at 21:25
  • Who is Rashban?
    – Double AA
    Jan 7 '14 at 8:51
  • @DoubleAA I have asked your question of Rav Henkin. Watch this space. Jan 7 '14 at 18:10
  • @DoubleAA The front page says Sidur Raschban von Salomon Schuck, Bezirksrabbiner Karczag. See hebrewbooks.org/21467. Could he be the Maharam Schik? More than this I do not know. Jan 8 '14 at 16:51

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