Who knows three hundred sixteen?
?שישה עשר ושלוש מאות - מי יודע
In the spirit of the song "Echad - mi yodeya", please post interesting and significant Jewish facts about the number 316.
And ... there is that lazy gematria available here, but let's not go there.
Check out mi-yodeya-series for the previous three hundred fifteen entries in this ongoing series.
Please include sources for your information wherever possible, as with all other answers on this site.