The weather in New York is beautiful recently. It crossed my mind to daven outside in the glory of HaShem's beautiful Creation.
Is it permissible to daven outdoors?
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Nevertheless, Shulchan Aruch forbids davening in:
It is favorable to daven in a place designated for davening or for learning Torah. But, there is nothing wrong with impromptu davening outdoors (especially if a minyan is present).
The Gemara (Berachos 34b) writes that it is wrong (arrogant — chatzuf) to daven in an open field.
Rashi explains that in an open field, one doesn’t feel fear of the King, and one doesn’t pray with a broken heart. Tosafos, however, understands that the concern is for passers-by, who are liable to disturb a person’s davening.
The Magen Avraham (90:6) rules that the problem is that davening outside makes a haughty statement: “Even though there are passers-by, they will not disturb my intent in davening!” This is arrogant and wrong.
The Shulchan Aruch (90:5) rules that one should not daven in an open place, and the Mishnah Berurah (11) adds that those who are always traveling can daven in an open place, but should try to daven by a tree.
Therefore, although it is not forbidden to daven outdoors, it is wrong to daven in an open area, and one should seek a sheltered place.
Additional details are brought here:
Level of Priority
Pri Megadim/ Mishnah Brurah (90:10): If a person had a choice between davening in a house with no windows or outside he should daven in the house. Davening with windows is a nice mailah whereas davening in a wide open area is an issur.
An Area With Walls But No Roof
Sharei T’shuvah (90:1): He brings a string of poskim who all agreed that an area with walls is enough to meat the requirements of this Gemara even though it has no roof!
Magen Avraham (90:6)/ Mishnah Brurah (90:11): A traveler who is in a hurry and must daven on the side of the road may do so. There is no chutzpah involved here since this person has no choice but to daven where he is.
Chayeh Adam/ Pri Megadim / Mishnah Brurah (90:11): Even for a traveler it is preferable to find a semi-secluded place (i.e. amongst some trees etc.).