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Stealing is a Noahide commandment. If a non-Jew violates a Noahide commandment, he is condemned to be put to death. Does this mean that if he steals a shave perutah ( שוה פרוטה, a tiny amount) or something he must be put to death?

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    That's a valid syllogism – Double AA Apr 24 '13 at 1:41
  • Do you have a source for violating a Noachide commandment being a capital offense? – Monica Cellio Apr 24 '13 at 1:59
  • See Sanhedrin 57a – Meir Zirkind Apr 24 '13 at 2:38
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    Who is "he"? A Jew? A non-Jew? Also, by "obligated to die" do you mean "liable for the death penalty" or do you mean actually obligated (positive mitzvah) to kill himself/be killed? – Charles Koppelman Apr 24 '13 at 3:30
  • death penalty, he in question refers to the non jew – shlomo Apr 24 '13 at 3:33
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The Gemara says that a non-Jew is liable to death for stealing less than a penny. "אמר רבי חייא בר אבא אמר רבי יוחנן בן נח נהרג על פחות משוה פרוטה ולא ניתן להשבון"

The Rambam agrees.

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