What is the Significance of the foods eaten on Rosh Hashanah,now i know the gemara brings them down but why did the Gemara choose these particular ones also the apple in honey whats the significance of that I know sweet year but why apple and why Honey and not Sugar?
Honey instead of sugar is simply a minhag. Sephardim don't typically use honey and instead use sugar. The apple is cooked in sugar by sephardim(Sefer Ben Ish Hai Year 1 Parashat Nizzavim 4).
They didn't have refined sugar in Talmudic times. In fact, as Rashi points out, "Dvash" could in some contexts simply mean anything sweet.
Summary Of Matzav ANswers to Signifigance of Apple and Honey 1.Maharil-Yitzchok smelled an apple orchard when Yaakov to receive the Brachos. The Vilna Gaon in the Biur HaGra says that this happened on Rosh HaShanah.
The Ben Ish Chai says apples give three pleasures Smell, Appearance and Taste which correspond to three Brachos we’d like to receive Bini (Chidren and Nachas from Children), Chayai (Life/Health) and Mezoni (Wealth).
The Zohar says wine symbolizes Din or judgment. Apples are eaten after strong wine in order not to be harmed by the strength of the wine since Rosh HaShanah is a time of Din we eat apples to sweeten the judgment.
Rosh HaShanah we want Hashem to remember the ashes of Akeidas Yitzchok. The ashes accumulated on the mizbei’ach are called Tapuach or apple.
“Tapuach” has the same gematria as “Piru V’Rivu” and “Dvash” has the same gematria as “Isha”. Rosh HaShanah is a special time for barren women to be remembered by Hashem and blessed with children. We therefore eat Tapuach B’Dvash.