In the times of the Beis HaMikdash when the Machatzis HaShekel was given was a bracha recited?


Kovaitz Bais Aharon V'Yisroel 105 page 95 mentions in the name of the Teshuvas HaRashba 18 that a Bracha was not said on the Mitzva of Machtzis HaShekel. However further in Kovaitz Bais Aharon V'Yisroel 105 page 96 it mentions a Yerushalmi Meshectas Shekalim Perek 3 end of Halacha 2 which indicates that a Bracha was said on the Mitzva of Machtzis HaShekel.

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  • That Yerushalmi is talking about Terumat Halishka, not giving Machatzit Hashekel. – Double AA Jun 19 '13 at 21:32

Rabbi Yehuda ben Yakar (a/the primary teacher of Ramban) writes in his Peirush HaTefillot VeHaBerachot (page 224 here; subscribers only):

ונראה כמו כן בזמן שהיה בית המקדש קיים והיו נותנים מחצית השקל היו מברכין: אקב"ו לתת מחצית השקל.‏
...they would say the blessing: Who sanctified us through His commandments and commanded us to give the half shekel.

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  • How did you find this? – Yehoshua Jun 19 '13 at 22:30
  • @Yehoshua In this case I saw referenced in another work that he held you do say a bracha so I went and found his book. – Double AA Jun 19 '13 at 23:41
  • @DoubleAA what was the other work – Yehoshua Jun 19 '13 at 23:42
  • @Yehoshua Something like ברכות המצות כתיקונם or so. I saw it in a Beis Medrash I was in a few day ago. – Double AA Jun 19 '13 at 23:43
  • It's interesting because the teshuva quoted in a different answer (judaism.stackexchange.com/a/26130/1884) here is attributed to the Ramban who says not to make. – Yehoshua Jun 21 '13 at 10:54

The Rashba (Shu"t Siman 18) and the Shu"t that are attributed to the Ramban (Siman 189) explain the reason why we do not make a brocha on mitzvos such as Matnas Kehuna and Machatzis Hashekel: Whatever he is giving is not really his, rather Hashem gives it to the Cohen, as it says in Divrei Hayamim (1 29:14), "For all is from You, and from Your hand we have given it to You". (This is in contrast to mitzvos like Trumas, Maasros, Hafrashas Challa and Pidyon Haben were he can make a brocha on the separation, whereas here he would be making a brocha on the giving).

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  • This makes sense. We don't make a Berachah when we give Tzedakah. Thanks for explaining the contrast to the Berachah on separating. That was the first thing to pop into my head. – Seth J Feb 10 '13 at 2:01

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