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When a ger finishes their conversion, must they tovel (immerse in a mikvah) their dishes? Does it matter if they had toveled them previously?

  • Why should they? The Halacha only extends to transactions - buying from a non-Jew or capturing from a non-Jew (AZ 75b). Do we find elsewhere that property of a convert is considered to be given from his pre-conversion self to his post-conversion self? – DonielF Jun 21 '17 at 4:34
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Shevet HaLevi 6:245:2 rules that he would have to tovel them with a bracha. He doesn't distinguish if they were toveled already beforehand and I fail to see why that would make a difference.

Tzitz Eliezer 22:49 rules that they should be toveled without a bracha, reasoning that perhaps the tevillah of the person works to 'elevate' him along with all his property.

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    Fortunately, he's at the mikva already. :-) – msh210 Nov 6 '12 at 21:07
  • If the ger toveled the dishes before conversion, some opinions would say that after the conversion they were a Jew at the time that they toveled them. Similarly, I learned that if a prospective ger bakes a loaf of bread and then finishes their geirus, the bread is pas Yisroel. That aside, nicely sourced answer, thanks. – yoel Nov 6 '12 at 21:34
  • @yoel I haven't seen the opinion you cite about Pat Akum inside, but it seems to me that that kind of issue would be similar to this one in that the gezera might not apply if there is no chashash of X. If tevillat keilim is a deoraita (which we seem to paskin for metal keilim) then I find it much harder to say something like that will apply. – Double AA Nov 6 '12 at 23:10
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    @yoel, I learned from a rabbi at Ohr Somayach that if a home-brewer converts, any wine he started before he completed his conversion is forbidden to him even if it never left his supervision. But maybe wine is different from bread. – Monica Cellio Nov 7 '12 at 1:32
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R' Usher Weiss shlita (Minchas Osher) argues that he doesn't have to, based on the Chazon Ish's principle (Shvi'is 7) that if there's a halacha that comes up all the time and is not a fringe case, and nobody (mishna, gemoro, rishonim, poskim) mentions it, that is an indication that there is no such halacha. This is such a case, since it's relevant every time someone converts and nobody in the past has mentioned it until 50 years ago.

The shiur (Hebrew) is here: click on the one from תשע"א and see from 30 minutes on.

  • Does he have a makor for this? What is the makor of the Chazzon Ish? Since you nicely pointed out where it is I'll listen to hear. However if you'd like to add a comment or edit your answer and write in his exact makor I think many would appreciate it! – Yehoshua Nov 7 '12 at 10:51
  • 45 mins and on? Doesn't seem to be right... – Yehoshua Nov 7 '12 at 10:56
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    @Yehoshua If I have time I'll listen through again and do that. Feel free to edit the answer yourself if you get there first. I think applying the chazon ish to this question is his own svara, he's certainly on a level to argue with R' Wosner (he does mention the opinions quoted in DoubleAA's answer) – limos Nov 7 '12 at 10:58
  • Sorry, you're correct. From 30 minutes. I'll update the answer – limos Nov 7 '12 at 11:00
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    I don't understand your proof. Maybe it was so obvious that they have to tovel them that no one mentioned it. In fact, that was my first intuition upon reading the question: duh they have to tovel them! – Double AA Nov 7 '12 at 17:36
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As mentioned in @Limos answer Rav Asher Weiss deals with this question. I will be detailing what is written in his Shu"t Chelek 3:66(itvshould be known that I did not listen to the shuir limos linked).

Rav Asher Weiss notes that he heard from both the mouths of Rav Eliyashiv and Rav Chaim Kaniefsky that a ger is obligated to tovel their keilim with a bracha. However,Rav Weiss explains that such a din isnt mentioned by the Rishonim or the poskim,and he qoutes the Chazon Ish which is qouted in @Limos answer.

He continues by noting that the din of tevilas keileim apllies only when the utensils are being tranferred from one reshus to another,and a ger doesnt change his keileim from reshus to reshus. He also notes that the halacha has to be analogous to the father of all cases which is klei Midyan,snd that was a change of reshus. Thebfact that a Jew can borrow a kli from a non Jew and use it without tevila also proves that a ger shouldnt have to tovel their utensils.

He then qoutes the Mahari HaLevi 1:109 that asks why the Jews didnt have to tovel their utensils after matan Torah,and he answers because such a halacha does not exist. The Marshag 3:48 says the same as well.

The last and most fascinating source he brings is from the Shem M'Shmuel(Parshas Matos year תרע"ח pg.403) in the name of his father the Avnei Nezer who says that when the ger is tovel it works for his utensils as well just like the din by Temurah 30b.

Rav Weiss ends off saying that mikar hadin a ger does not need to tovel his utensils but according to the Marshag there is a benefit to tovel without a bracha...and תבא עליו ברכה

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All opinions exist, as R Michael J Broyde reports in an article in Hakirah vol. 26 p. 146 (Are Converts to Judaism Required to Immerse Their Utensils after Conversion?)

  • Avenei Nezer and Shem MiShmuel rule it is not required as the convert's dishes get immersed with him/her metaphysically once (s)he converts
  • R Ovadia Yosef rules it is not required since the convert does not acquire the dishes anew from a non-Jew
  • R Asher Weiss rules it is not required as there is no trace of such a requirement in the Talmud or earlier halachic codes and since there is no transfer from person to person
  • R Shmuel HaLevi Wosner rules it is required since it was owned by a non-Jew and is now owned by a Jew - so is also the ruling of R Yosef Shalom Eliashiv and R Chaim Kanievsky

As a result, in practice, the current chief Rabbi of Israel, R Yitzchak Yosef adopts the view one should immerse metal utensils (since their obligation is d'oraita according to many) without a blessing and one doesn't need to immerse non-metal since they are d'rabbanan and one is usually lenient there.

The Manhattan Beit Din for conversions under the guidance of R Hershel Schachter follows the middle position of immersing without a blessing.

Last, the most creative option is to have the convert purchase a new metal utensil which requires immersing, do it with a blessing and aim to cover the rest of his/her utensils immersed right after.

See the original article at length for sources.

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