Someone said over today (in then name of the Sfes Emes) that the mitzvah of Ner Channukah didn't officially "start" until the 2nd Beis HaMikdash was destroyed, since it was established as somewhat of a zecher for the Menorah in the Mikdash (Holy Temple) (until then they were able to light the Menorah in the Beis HaMikdash, so why commemorate the event with lighting as well? — this I understood to be the intention of saying this), and the destruction of the 2nd Beis HaMikdash wasn't until 200 years after the story of Channukah (See SA Siman 670 and M"B Sif-Katan 1 there.) I want to know if the Sfes Emes or anyone else says such a thing?
Looking through the Sefas Emes on Chanuka it is clear that Ner Chanuka was established immediately the following year.
However I found that Sefer Yavin Daas - Chasdei Avos - Rabbi Yehoshua M'Katna Zatzal says that this may have been the case.
שבאמת כ''ז שבהמ''ק הי' קיים לא התקינו חז''ל מצוות הדלקת נ''ח
"That in truth the whole time the Bais Hamikdash was standing Chazal did not institute the Mitzva of lighting Chanuka candles."