What are the kashruth issues involved in the taking of gel-capsule medicine which does not have kosher certification?

  • 1
    @PM, I assume you are asking about gel capsules that are made with non-Kosher gelatin. If they are made with Kosher gelatin, then I don't see the issue.
    – Seth J
    Jul 27, 2012 at 15:03
  • 2
    @SethJ good point, updated the question
    – user1668
    Jul 27, 2012 at 15:43
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    @AdamMosheh i'm not asking for a psak
    – user1668
    Jul 27, 2012 at 16:27
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    PM, with the current wording, I'm inclined to agree with @AdamMosheh. I think the question needs to be more clearly asking for the Halachic considerations involved rather than asking for permission to take non-certified (not even known whether it is non-Kosher!) gel capsules.
    – Seth J
    Jul 27, 2012 at 17:18
  • 3
    @SethJ The wording doesn't seem to be that different than many other halacha questions we have on this site.
    – Double AA
    Jul 27, 2012 at 18:18

2 Answers 2


According to Rabbi Dovid Heber, Kashrus administrator of Star-K, pills that are swallowed whole without chewing, poor-tasting liquids, and unflavored tablets may be taken, even if they are not kosher, by anybody whose life is in danger from the illness, by anybody who is so sick that they are completely unable to function properly, or by a child under six years old who is feeling discomfort.

Somebody who is just feeling discomfort, but is able to function, should consult a Rav; however, even someone who is just feeling discomfort may take a medicine where all of the ingredients contain no food, nutrition, or hydration value.

In addition, any unkosher ingredient which is batel bashishim (nullified because it makes up less than 1/60 of the total product) is acceptable in medication, even for someone who is just experiencing discomfort, and even when there are additional stringencies with regard to bitul bashishim with food.

I don't know this for a fact, so don't act on it without finding out, but I would imagine that in nearly any medication which contains unkosher ingredients, those ingredients would be bitul bashishim.

Edit, Rabbi Heber says this about gelatin capsules:

Gelatin is an ingredient that is derived from an animal. Currently all gelatin capsules on the market come from non-Kosher approved gelatin. Swallowing a capsule is considered She'lo ki'derech achila " and may be taken by a choleh sh'ain bo sakanah. (A sick person who is not in danger.) One who has a michush [discomfort-this note is added by me, not Rabbi Heber.]- should consult a Rav before taking gelatin capsules.

  • I have this question about the non-kosher capsules? Suppose the item contains MINERALS. Can we simply DISCARD the capsules without ingestion by emptying their contents into our food or vessel, without these capsules ever touching the food or lips?
    – ruffy
    Oct 30, 2017 at 2:50
  • @ruffy often the instructions on capsules specifically say that they are to be swallowed whole, generally to protect the contents from stomach acid or the patient from an upset or nauseous stomach.
    – arp
    Jul 28, 2019 at 17:19

Certainly, if there is a choice of non-gelatin capsules, they are preferable, though most poskim would allow one to take them:

There is quite the machlokes (argument) as to gelatin capsules:

The Israeli Rabbanut allow it for pills as not considered food - שלא כדרך אכילה.

Other Poskim hold such capsules to be edible (כדרך אכילה) and thus should be avoided (See Tzitz Eliezer intro to vol 4).

R' Yehoshua Neuwirth (Shemiras Shabbos Kehilchasa 40 note 169 ) and R' Ovadia Yosef (Yabia Omer 12:11) are lenient.

R' Eliezer Waldenberg (Tzitz Eliezer 6:16; 7:32:8) allowed it for a non-seriouslsy ill patient (חולה שאין בו סכנה)

  • 1
    Not everyone even holds standard gelatin is forbidden.
    – Double AA
    Dec 25, 2014 at 18:10
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    Yes, R' Chaim Ozer Grodzinski (Achiezer 3:33) famously permitted gelatin from non-Kosher animals
    – Zvi
    Dec 25, 2014 at 20:07
  • Ok but his argumemts were easily rejected by everyone else. Im talking about the excellent arguments made by R Ovadia Yosef permitting it.
    – Double AA
    Dec 25, 2014 at 20:10
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    Read that, too: Yabia Omer YD 8:11 I believe his position is based largely on R' COG, so I wouldn't be so dismissive.
    – Zvi
    Dec 25, 2014 at 20:12
  • I think you are misremembering (or perhaps he wrote about it differently in different places?) He doesn't base himself on RCOG at all, as I understood him. RCOG discusses the Rambam's position and everyone demonstrates why his read of the Rambam is poor. What ROY points out is that the shulchan arukh doesn't paskin like the Rambam (but rather the Rashba) so all the complaints against RCOG are irrelevant.
    – Double AA
    Dec 26, 2014 at 6:01

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