Who knows forty-two?
Please cite/link your sources, if possible. At some point in the next few days, I will:
Upvote all interesting answers.
Accept the best answer.
Go on to the next number.
Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
42 travels (of B'nei Yisrael) in the Torah.
מ״ב מסעות בתורה רעמםם סוכות איתם כו׳ במדבר ל״ג
42 details in the Menorah. (22 "cups", 11 "globes", 9 flowers)
מ״ב דברים במנורה כ״ב גביעים י״א כפתורים ט׳ פרחים
42 are the years during which the royal houses of the Judean and Israelite (Ten Tribes) kingdoms were related by marriage.
This was displeasing to Hashem, since the former were righteous and the latter were not (and indeed, some of the Judean kings became corrupt under their in-laws' influence). The result was that almost all of David's descendants were wiped out, with only one infant (Yehoram) being spared. (Seder Olam Rabbah ch. 17, explaining II Chron. 22:2 - cited in the commentaries ad loc.)
42 occurences of the name of Hashem in both tefillin.
מ״ב אזכרות בתפלין של יד ושל ראש כ״א בד׳ פרשיות
Rus Rabah 2:8 says that the fellow that was watching the reapers in Boaz's field, was watching 42 reapers.