One is not allowed to dance during the mourning days of s'firas haomer (Mishna B'rura 493:3). According to all major customs, Yom Haatzmaus (Israel's independence day) falls during the mourning days (as it's the third, fourth, fifth, or sixth of Iyar; see e.g. MB 493:14–15). Yet some orthodox synagogues and schools have programs on Yom Haatzmaus in which people are encouraged to dance.

Now, a sandek is allowed to shave in honor of the b'ris mila (MB 493:12), but AFAICT dancing is still forbidden to him.

So my first question is:

  • Are the mourning restrictions dropped completely by those who allow dancing on Yom Haatzmaus, much as they are on, e.g., lag baomer, or is it only dancing that's permitted (in honor of the day, much as shaving is permitted for a sandek in honor of the b'ris mila)?

Now, the custom is to observe mourning restrictions thirty-three days; which thirty-three days varies by custom. See e.g. MB 493:14–15. The examples he gives, though, count lag baomer as one of the thirty-three days even if mourning restrictions are not kept during its daylight hours, because mourning restrictions are kept during its evening (MB 493:10, but see :11). So if the answer to my first question is that all mourning restrictions are dropped on Yom Haatzmaus, my next questions are:

  • Are all mourning restrictions dropped from Yom Haatzmaus both evening and day?
  • Is Yom Haatzmaus, like lag baomer, counted as one of the thirty-three days with restrictions? Or do those who keep no restrictions on Yom Haatzmaus count thirty-three days of restrictions besides it?

(Of course, because of the considerations in the paragraph just above, these last two questions are of interest in light of one another.)

A sourced answer (e.g. citing a t'shuva addressing these issues) would be ideal, but an answer telling what people do generally is also of interest.


1 Answer 1


In the Sefer Halachos Yom Ha'Atzmaus V'Yom Yerushalayim page 334-340 the Rishon L'Tziyon HaRav Yitzchak Nissim says that all Minhagim of Aveilus are suspended for the day.

Per Rav Shmuel Katz from the Rabanut Hareishis L'Yisroel it is permissible.

‏'יום המדינה' ה' אייר שחל בימי הספירה, שלפי דיני ישראל נוהגים בהם אבילות, יהא דינו כיום ל"ג בעומר, ולפי החלטת הרבנות הראשית יותרו כל השמחות, חגיגות נישואין תספורת וכו'‏

However Rav Ronan Nubirt says that you would be required to hold a different day of Sefira to make up for it. היוצא מכל הנ"ל, שהנוהג היתר בחגי הגאולה, יום העצמאות ויום ירושלים, לכאורה צריך להשלים אותם ימים, ואולי צריך להשלים אף את ערבי החגים הללו שבהם נהגו להתגלח לכבוד החג

This answer is applicable to those that celebrate Yom Ha'Atzmaot and want to know what sources they have that permit it.

  • 1
    Thanks. Is "יהא דינו כיום ל"ג בעומר" meant to imply that the lifting of mourning restrictions is only for the daylight hours and that Yom Haatzmaus counts as one of the thirty-three restricted days?
    – msh210
    Apr 27, 2012 at 16:17
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    ...and the same question about Rabbi Nisim's ruling.
    – msh210
    Apr 27, 2012 at 16:21
  • @msh210 I doubt it. Leil Yom Haatzmaut is when the larger dancing parties happen in Israel (mostly). The day is usually for BBQ and tiyulim with friends and family.
    – Double AA
    Apr 27, 2012 at 16:22
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    @DoubleAA, so you doubt, then, that the restrictions are lifted for the daytime only. Any idea whether Yom Haatzmaus counts as one of days of mourning, then? ¶ On another note, I'm not sure whether the quotation from the rabanus is correct. The footnote on the text quoted here reads (in part) "הרבנות הראשית חזרה בה מהיתר זה [ראה בהמשך]‏", though I don't see that particular המשך.‎
    – msh210
    Apr 27, 2012 at 16:27
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    I don't get the point of the disclaimer at the end of this answer. This answer is not pesak and therefore not "applicable" to anyone. And it's self-evident that sources detailing the observance of Y"H are only relevant in the context of discussing the observance of Y"H.
    – Isaac Moses
    Apr 27, 2012 at 16:39

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