What are other contemporary Jewish movements, and who are their founders? Please do not movements are not considered to be part of the mainstream, such as Samaritans, Christians, Karaites, et al. Ideally, it would be nice if the answer could just become a community wiki and everybody could contribute together. Thanks to all!
- Hasidism - Baal Shem Tov
- Mussar Movement - Rabbi Israel Salanter
- Political Zionism - Theodor Herzl
- Cultural Zionism - Achad Ha'Am
- Meretz - Shulamit Aloni
- Kahanism (see chapter 10 of R' Kahane's book entitled Uncomfortable Questions for Comfortable Jews) - Rabbi Meir Kahane
- Republican Jewish Coalition - Richard Fox
- Centrist Orthodoxy - ???
- Shemirat Torah Umitzvot - Moshe Rabbenu
- monotheism - Hashem (Abraham didn't invent God being alone, He just rediscovered the idea)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_movements http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Types_of_Zionism (Can somebody please delineate these into our answer?)