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The Mainz Anonymous reads, in part (in my own translation):

He created the Torah 974 generations before the world was created, then twenty-six generations [passed] from the creation of the world until Moshe, the leader of the prophets, through whom the Torah was given.

(I'm quoting from the MA in light of this week's topic challenge. In fact, though, there are older sources for this idea, though I'm not sure where.)

Obviously, the midrash paraphrased here is not to be taken literally: specifically, without anyone's having children, there are no generations; and perhaps time did not even elapse (not being created) before the creation of the world. (On the other hand, perhaps it did.) In any event, my question is why the midrash uses generations instead of a more conventional unit of time (such as years).

An initial idea toward a possible answer: Note that Moshe had contemporaries, even Jewish ones, who were more or fewer than twenty-six male-line generations from the creation of the world. For example, Nachshon was twenty-eight generations. So "twenty-six generations" makes sense only if one refers specifically to Moshe, rather then generally to his time. Perhaps, then, generations are not being used as a unit of time at all but as a unit of succession or something like that.

  • Did you see Chagigah 13b going on 14a with rashi? (This might be exactly what you were looking for, or something you have already seen.) – Double AA Mar 12 '12 at 21:52
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    @DoubleAA, no, I hadn't. Now I have: many thanks! I think that writing it up would make an excellent answer. :-) – msh210 Mar 12 '12 at 22:05
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    Vayikrah Rabbah, it does use years, " אמר רב הונא בשם רבי שמעון בן לקיש: שני אלפים שנה קדמה תורה לבריאת עולם ". – HodofHod Mar 12 '12 at 22:14
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    @HodofHod That Midrash is referenced on Yom Kippur in the Piyut "Eleh Ezkera": משעשעי דת יומים – Double AA Mar 13 '12 at 3:35
  • @HodofHod If we combine your midrash with mine, then we see that each of the 974 generations was only 2.05 years long. That's pretty quick! – Double AA Mar 13 '12 at 6:47
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The source of this midrash is actually the Talmud in Chagigah 13b -- 14a. The Talmud states:

תניא אמר רבי שמעון החסיד אלו תשע מאות ושבעים וארבע דורות שקומטו להיבראות קודם שנברא העולם ולא נבראו עמד הקב"ה ושתלן בכל דור ודור והן הן עזי פנים שבדור

which Soncino translates as:

It is taught: R. Simeon the Pious said: These are the nine hundred and seventy four generations who pressed themselves forward to be created before the world was created, but were not created: the Holy One, blessed be He, arose and planted them in every generation, and it is they who are the insolent of each generation.

Rashi there (sv Kodem) explains that the Midrash means that the Torah was designed to be given after 1000 generations (as it says in Tehillim 105:8 דבר צוה לאלף דור : that which he commanded a thousand generations) but, forseeing that they wouldn't survive without Torah, God pulled 974 generations out (leaving the 26 from Adam to Moshe) and sprinkled them out among the future generations. The evil doers that exist today are thus transplants from a time that never happened (whatever that means).

So, in short, the unit of time used is the Generation as an allusion to the verse quoted above from Tehillim 105:8 which mentions 1000 generations in the context of the commanding of the Torah.

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1000 minus 974 equals 26, which is the numerical value of the Tetragrammaton. Perhaps it is to demonstrate that one must acknowledge that Hashem is present in this world in order for man to accept the Torah, because heretics who believe in the Clockmaker Theory would have no reason to perform mitzvos if Hashem no longer interacts in this world (gilui shechina), negating the notion that there is such thing as reward for good and punishment for evil, as well as miracles (nisecha shebechol yom imanu).

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    huh?........... – Shmuel Brin Jan 6 '14 at 23:14
  • that is such a cute answer – Joshua Pearl Jun 12 '17 at 8:30

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