Most Pesach sedarim feature the afikoman hide-and-seek game; either the children steal it and ransom it back or the parents hide it and (in my experience) pay a prize to the child who finds it. At most of the sedarim I've been to, this has been a cash payment.

Why is it ok to handle and transfer money on Pesach? And does (or should) this custom change when Pesach is on Shabbat, as it will be this year?

This related question has a lot of good information about this ritual but does not address this aspect of it.

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    @Vram, isn't making what is essentially a contract to buy, on yom tov, still a problem? Commented Feb 20, 2012 at 14:41
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    I've never seen cash payments, but I have seen gifts literally changing hands. Due to the laws of Muktzeh, I have trouble believing that the former could be permitted. The latter, as I understand it, is also an issue, due to the prohibition of making transactions (kinyanim) on Sh/Y"T. That issue can be circumvented, I think, by having a third party accept the gifts on behalf of the intended recipients before Y"T. This is OK to do without their knowledge because "zachin le-adam shelo befanav" - "we can do unmitigated good for someone without their presence (or knowledge)."
    – Isaac Moses
    Commented Feb 20, 2012 at 14:53
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    @Alex - ... if the gift is given from parent to child, and the child is a Halachic minor (under 12/13), right?
    – Isaac Moses
    Commented Feb 20, 2012 at 15:47
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    @IsaacMoses: indeed. But isn't that usually the case? (I have to admit my ignorance in this regard, since Chabad custom is anyway to not have the children "steal" the afikoman.)
    – Alex
    Commented Feb 20, 2012 at 15:51
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    @Alex, I've definitely seen both grandparents giving gifts to grandchildren and young teenagers participating in the game.
    – Isaac Moses
    Commented Feb 20, 2012 at 15:53

1 Answer 1


I cannot speak for those who literally give cash (or any gift) on Yom Tov as this is considered a business transaction and is rabbinically forbidden as a safeguard of the labor of writing. But there is more leeway to talk about the transaction on Yom tov.

Transferring an object to another's possession is definitely a violation of business activities. Talking about business is not a violation of the above, but is a violation of Yishaya 58:13-14 which warns to steer clear of "your business actions". All would agree, though, that if the business is not personal but spiritual (chafatzecha excludes cheftzei shamayim), one would be permitted to talk about business. For example, one would be allowed to tell a mohel that he is interested in hiring him for a job.

There is a debate over how much one can talk about (Rema OC 306:3 and 6). Can I actually set a price with the mohel and strike a deal. Some say this is still permitted since it is spiritual business. Others say this is too close to the rabbinic decree of business activities (similar to transfering objects) which were forbidden under all circumstances (MB 306:14). [The Mishna Berurah 306:32 equates the debate in 306:3 to 306:6 as well.]

Interestingly, whereas in 306:3 the Rema sides with the stricter approach to forbid making the deal ("v'chen ikar"), he says in 306:6 that the custom is to be lenient and make specific pledges to charity or to pay the chazan ("v'haminhag l'hakil").

So, since you are setting a price for a spiritual deal to eat an afikomen (that you can just take another out of the box does not undermine the spiritual aspect of the "stolen" matza), and you are not transferring the possession since it's already yours, you are at least in line with the "custom".

  • In your first sentence, did you mean Yom Tov or Shabbat? You wrote Yom Tov, but you seem to be contrasting it with Yom Tov in the next sentence. Thanks. Commented Mar 21, 2016 at 3:29
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    @MonicaCellio, I believe the distinction in the first paragraph is between effecting a transaction and talking about a transaction, not between Shabbat and Yom Tov. I edited to make this clearer.
    – Isaac Moses
    Commented Apr 8, 2016 at 9:41

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