Who knows thirty-three?
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Daf 33(b) in Shabbos is where the story of Lag BaOmer (Rashbi's cave) is told
33 are the side chambers (tzela'os) surrounding the Sanctuary, in the third Beis Hamikdash (Ez. 41:6).
King David ruled in Jerusalem for 33 years (Shmuel2 5:5)
וּבִירוּשָׁלַםִ מָלַךְ שְׁלֹשִׁים וְשָׁלֹשׁ שָׁנָה
In Diaspora, 33 hakafot are made between the start of Succot and the end of Simchat Torah, if you include those that have the minhag to do Hakafot on Shmini Atzeret night as well. Here's how this works:
On each day of Succot, 1 hakafah is done. Of the first 6 days, one is always on Shabbat, where no hakafah is done that day. So, that totals 5
On Hoshanah Rabba - 7 hakafot Shemini Atzeret night - 7 hakafot Simchat Torah night - 7 hakafot Simchat Torah day - 7 hakafot