I have heard multiple times about the fifth son at the Seder table, the one that isn't there.

Can anyone tell me the source or who said it?

  • It's based on the 4 sons representing various levels. Even the "wicked son" who is present has the ability to fix his ways. Unfortunately through assimilation there is another category of "sons" who didn't have a chance to be at seder and they should be encouraged to be able to join one
    – Dude
    Commented Apr 17 at 3:05
  • 1
    Read this article by Rabbi Sacks it’s my favorite Pesach dvar Torah: rabbisacks.org/archive/the-missing-fifth Commented Apr 17 at 3:40
  • One of my favourite lectures. A must for all people who consider themselves frum youtube.com/…
    – Rabbi Kaii
    Commented Apr 17 at 9:40

1 Answer 1


I believe it was the Lubavitcher Rebbe, who, in a 1957 pre-Pessah letter, urged Jews worlwide to find and invite the "fifth son" to their seders. This became the mission of Chabad. You can read the text here:



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