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If I miss Shacharit, which prayers from the Shacharit liturgy should I be sure to still say (even if I have to say them later in the day)? I know I should say an extra Amida during Mincha if I missed it by mistake, but in any case what other prayers should I still be sure to say every day even if it's late in the day?

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2 Answers 2

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B"H

Assuming you are referring to which prayers that are usually said in the morning, while not necessarily part of shacharis, one should say, then a few clear examples that aren't dependent on missing shacharis are:

Modeh ani

Morning brochos

Hareini mikabeil, mah tovu, adon olam

The akeida, and the supplications following it, including the first paragraph of shema

'atah hu elokeinu' that follows the shema etc

The passage of the olah offering.

If it's in the afternoon already past a half hour, it's not clear if you would need to say the passage of the tamid and ketorus, if your custom is to say them for mincha as well. Either way, one wouldn't lose anything by saying them, as they are just pesukim, together with the tanu rabbanan explanations afterwards.

For sure if one's custom is not to say them by mincha, then they should be said.

Some people say that one can say the blessings of pesukei dezimra and shema all day, so according to those opinions one may (although not as obligatory as morning brochos etc) say all of the regular shacharis service, up to the Amida prayer, which would then be considered mincha.

If one missed shacharis by mistake, one can say ashrei and then a second Amida for shacharis tashlumin.

One can also stipulate that if one missed it on purpose, one prayer is a nedavah and the other mincha, and if one missed it by mistake, the first is mincha and second is tashlumin, if one isn't sure it it was by mistake or not.

One then proceeds with ashrei and Uva litzion or tachnun first etc., depending on if it's a day (or time of day) one normally says it or not. One only needs to say tachnun once.

One time I woke up late and called rabbi azdaba of the Crown heights beis din, and he told me that I can say the brochos of boruch sheamar, yishtabach, blessings of shema etc (all after chatzos) and when reaching the amidah, stipulate that it's mincha, then say ashrei then another shmoneh esray for tashlumin.

Here's part of an email conversation I had with them:

After I asked the question about shacharis after chatzos they said:

See here: https://asktherav.com/if-after-a-long-night-farbrengen-i-wake-up-just-after-chatzos-what-is-the-halacha-with-shacharis/

Then (each part starts with them quoting something I asked):

hi thanks does this also apply to one who was mayzeed, can a tashlumin be said as nedavah? a Nedava may be said after the first Shemone Esrei (which is really Mincha). see here for definition of shogeg/meizid: https://www.sie.org/templates/sie/article_cdo/aid/3485402/jewish/Shulchan-Aruch-Chapter-108-One-who-has-not-Prayed-due-to-an-Error-or-due-to-Forces-beyond-his-Control.htm#v12

also is there a place to say two tachanuneem? no reason for it

also should one say hodu even though it has hashems name and is differemt than pesukim? yes, it is pesukim also

what if one started before, how much does one have to start? one needs to finish Shemone Esrei before Chatzos P.S. we never wrote that davening after chatzos "was compared to the avodah zara of p'eor". we wrote that just as pe'or evolved from one thing to the next, so too has davening evolved from great chassidim continuing after chatzos to other people starting after chatzos.

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There is a useful article here entiled Missed shacharis and davening after chatzos:

https://dinonline.org/2020/08/26/missed-shacharis-and-davening-after-chatzos/

Key points from it [footnotes not pasted here, follow the link to the article online to read the footnotes][edited and emphasis added for clarity]:

You can [should] say brachos[1] [and], akeida, the korban tamid for shacharis can’t be said anymore, because it is after it’s time, however if it is already mincha time, then you can say it for the mincha’s korban tamid.

You should say all of pesukei dzimra, because that is a praise to be said before[2] the first shemona esrei of the day. After that, skip birkas kriyas shema, including kriyas shema[3] until shemona esrei.

[Note: there is a different opinion expressed here: https://outorah.org/p/33618/]

Saying Shema after Proper Time

"Even if you have not said the morning shema by the latest proper time (no later than the end of the first quarter of the daylight hours), say it as soon as you can."]

Regarding shemona esrei, the one you have to say at this point is the mincha one. You will have to wait until mincha gedola, which is approx. half an hour after chatzos in order to daven mincha. Regarding making up the shacharis shemona esrei depends on why[4] you slept late. If you were an “ones”, or busy in a way that you couldn’t or forgot to daven, then you can still daven a make-up (called a tefilas tashlumin) shemona esrei for the shacharis one. However, if you didn’t daven because of negligence, such as going to sleep after it was already time to daven[5], without making sure that someone will wake you up, then you may not make up the shacharis one. If you are allowed to say a tashlumin, it is has to be said specifically after saying the current one (in this case mincha). You should not eat until you finished davening the tashlumin[6]. You say tachnun between the shemona esei’s[7], then say ashrei[8], the tefilas tashmlumin, then continue saying lamnatzeiach, uva l’tzion, etc.

See also these three articles from Ohr Sameyach:

https://ohr.edu/this_week/prayer_essentials/7097

https://ohr.edu/this_week/prayer_essentials/7106

https://ohr.edu/this_week/prayer_essentials/7118

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  • This looks to be about what you can say, not what you must say.
    – magicker72
    Commented Jun 6 at 12:07
  • @magicker72 there are a couple of "can says" but as the writer uses "should say" and "have to say" in other places I understood the "can says" as "should says"
    – Edward B
    Commented Jun 6 at 12:38
  • So your answer is just Pesukei d'Zimra? That's the only one I see in your answer. If that's the case, please make that clearer. Also, the OP already knows about tashlumin, so the second paragraph doesn't seem to answer the question.
    – magicker72
    Commented Jun 6 at 18:06
  • @magicker72 thank you for the constructive comment. I have edited my answer for clarity.
    – Edward B
    Commented Jun 6 at 18:18

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