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According to some Poskim, a father should recite a blessing named Baruch Shepetarani when his son turns bar mitzvah age. My question is, should it be recited if a father adopts a son when that son turns bar mitzvah? What about the biological father?

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The Rema in OC 225:2 indeed writes a father should say the blessing for his son and such is the Ashkenazi custom. But note this is not a blessing with a source in the Talmud (rather it comes from the midrash), as such the more common custom is to say the blessing without God's name (see there for further details).

A number of poskim allow the father of an adopted child to say the blessing, without God's name, for their adopted son

  • R Ari Enkin, see here, the reference to the Pri Megadim is oblique, the PM doesn't write about an adopted son, but about a father's responsibility to educate his son - something the father of an adopted child also has
  • R Mordechai HaKohen, (here, using the same Pri Megadim)
  • R Shlomo Aviner, quoted here

Other poskim write there is no obligation, see e.g., here.

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    "allow the father of an adopted child to say the blessing, without God's name" This isn't much of a chiddush, since I can also say the blessing without God's name for anyone at any time. Or even for no one at all.
    – Double AA
    Feb 16 at 13:47
  • Thanks for your edit. I agree it is not a big chiddush - but I hope it answers the question :->
    – mbloch
    Feb 16 at 14:02

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