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אדון עולם אשר מלך בטרם כל יצור

How can He have "reigned" over no one? Shouldn't another term have been used?

אין מלך בלא עם !

(I'd also like to hear an explanation from Chassidus.)


Possible explanations I came across online, are any correct?

  1. The "potential" that God has to create beings at any time.
  2. God's kingship is seen as independent and absolute, stemming from His infinite power and dominion. The act of creation is then viewed as an expression of this existing kingship.
  3. From God's eternal perspective, creation and His reign as king may be conceived as a single, unified act, blurring the line between before and after.

Discussion in Hebrew on this topic:

(My hebrew is not great.)

https://tora-forum.co.il/threads/%D7%90%D7%93%D7%95%D7%9F-%D7%A2%D7%95%D7%9C%D7%9D-%D7%90%D7%A9%D7%A8-%D7%9E%D7%9C%D7%9A-%D7%91%D7%98%D7%A8%D7%9D-%D7%9B%D7%9C-%D7%99%D7%A6%D7%99%D7%A8-%D7%A0%D7%91%D7%A8%D7%90.41982/

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    Does this answer your question? Will Hashem reign alone?. I understand if you feel that this question is different, as in theory it is, but the answers there answer your question, which is a common cause for closing a question as a dupe.
    – Rabbi Kaii
    Jan 17 at 12:23
  • @RabbiKaii I skimmed your answer there but did not notice anything about a king. I will look into it deeper if you tell me there is something there mentioning about how he can be a King without any subjects. (Or does the term Melech mean something else here?)
    – larry909
    Jan 17 at 12:30
  • Well, the maskana from my answer there is that this question is possibly flawed because "alone" means He and His subjects became united. To tackle that question from another angle, consider what the Rebbe writes here. שאם היה ברצון הש"י להקרא מלך, אז, היה כביכול בהכרח לברוא את העולם שאין מלך בלא עם. אבל באמת זה הוא דעת נברא, אבל מצד מלכות הש"י יש מלך בלא עם ומלך בטרם כל יציר נברא מאחר שהכל בידו:
    – Rabbi Kaii
    Jan 17 at 12:35
  • @RabbiKaii so is he a king because he has the potential to be a king and rule over people? Even though he might not be doing it at the moment?
    – larry909
    Jan 17 at 12:43
  • Lets take this to chat
    – Rabbi Kaii
    Jan 17 at 12:45

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