According to Halacha, is seeing something on live video considered “witnessing”? The reason I ask is because numerous Halachos require you to see things, but is seeing it through video considered valid witness in Halacha?

  • You could say the same thing about a chasuna with eidei kiddushin?
    – Dov
    Dec 26, 2023 at 9:17
  • Why do you ask about chalitza and not any other context where we have witnesses to something
    – Double AA
    Dec 27, 2023 at 16:39
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    Not sure why this was downvoted. It's a legitimate question.
    – MDjava
    Dec 27, 2023 at 17:12
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    Considering the witnessing is not for evidentiary reasons but an essential part of the procedure (the posuk says לעיני הזקנים), I would assume it has to be in person.
    – shmosel
    Dec 28, 2023 at 6:37
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    If you have a new question please ask it in a new post.
    – Double AA
    Jan 2 at 17:29

1 Answer 1


Din Online

Video surveillance is not a substitute for testimony by two kosher witnesses, so therefore even though there are video cameras under the chupah you still need two human witnesses! Never the less a video can be used to prove a point as supportive evidence when needed. Also where Jewish observation is needed e.g. supervising the production of “cholov Yisroel” to ensure that only kosher milk is being used, many Poskim permit video surveillance.

Re: Chalav Israel the Yeshiva World had an article on it

  • Now that this doesn't seem to be talking about live video feed, only about something being videoed to be viewed later ..
    – Lo ani
    Jan 3 at 23:41
  • The chalav Israel is specifically referring to live video feed and that's on a d'rabanan that doesn't need court or 2 witnesses. Kal v'Homer something that requires real testimony
    – Mordechai
    Jan 4 at 0:30
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    It says that Chalav yisrael is allowed to use video, what's the kal vchomer?
    – Lo ani
    Jan 4 at 0:57
  • If some don't allow even for chalav Israel which does not require testimony but just just עד אחד נאמן then obviously they wouldn't allow for something that requires a real testimony with 2 witnesses. Also as deepfakes get better, even a live stream could be hacked with a deepfake and I doubt anyone would allow that when you need a "real" testimony
    – Mordechai
    Jan 4 at 1:19
  • That's true as far as the 'some' goes (and I would clarify that in the answer). However, the quote you bring says "many Poskim" allow it, and seems to rely on that. Maybe they would allow live testimony as well? Also the point about deep fakes is valid and should be added into the answer if you have a source
    – Lo ani
    Jan 4 at 1:35

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