2

This question is pretty straightforward.

Say that I own a business which is commonly open on shabbat (A mechanic or law firm or similar common business practice)

Is it permissible for me to hire on a non-Jew to operate the business during Shabbat so that my non-Jewish customers would still have access to my services during their weekend?

Are there any rules or limitations around such an arrangement that someone should be aware of?

3
  • 1
    As a general rule, you're not allowed to have a non-Jew work on your behalf on shabbos. There may be workarounds depending on the circumstances, but you would have to consult with a competent rabbi.
    – shmosel
    Dec 20, 2023 at 22:51
  • 1
    highly related and maybe duplicate: Operating a business on Shabbat with a non-Jewish partner
    – mbloch
    Dec 21, 2023 at 3:46
  • The answer is yes (through a partnership, not a straight employment contract) but the details are complicated, the above answer covers some of them, see sources there for further study and be sure to consult a Rabbi before setting up anything like this
    – mbloch
    Dec 21, 2023 at 3:46

1 Answer 1

3

If you, alone, own the business (not with a non-Jewish partner), I would say you may not hire a non-Jew to operate it on Shabbat. The Ohr HaChaim writes about Exodus 20:10:

The Torah may also wish to remind us that performance of work on Shabbat is prohibited whether performed by a Jew or by a Gentile on his behalf. The word לֹֽ֣א־תַעֲשֶׂ֣֨ה lo taaseh, “[work] shall not be done”, is in the passive form, which means that, whereas it is permissible for a Jew to have his work performed by Gentiles during the week, on Shabbat his work must not be performed at all by anybody.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .