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Is it falsely attributed to Judaism? Is it really Jewish? Is it found in the Pentateuch? Talmud? Post-Talmudic? Are there certain branches of Judaism that don’t accept these doctrines?

By the way, I don’t really know what would be the appropriate tags for this question, so please feel free to improve the entire post including the tags as you might see fit.

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    The idea of chosenness goes back to G-d's covenant with Abraham and is referenced many times throughout the Torah, especially in Deuteronomy. Here are just a few of them. The specific term "light unto the nations" comes from Isaiah.
    – shmosel
    Nov 10, 2023 at 22:15

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כי עם קדוש אתה לה' אלקיך ובך בחר ה' להיות לו לעם סגלה מכל העמים אשר על־פני האדמה        

For you are a holy people to Hashem your God, and Hashem has chosen you to be a special possession to Himself, out of all the nations that are upon the earth. [Devarim 14:2]

ויאמר נקל מהיותך לי עבד להקים את־שבטי יעקב (ונצירי) [ונצורי] ישראל להשיב ונתתיך לאור גוים להיות ישועתי עד־קצה הארץ         

And He said, "It is too light a thing to be my servant to raise up the tribes of Yaacov, and to restore the preserved of Yisrael: I will also make you a light to the nations, that my salvation may be to the end of the earth. [Yishayahu 49:6]

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The concept of a chosen people is found in the Torah. However, there is another concept that I think we should recognize. We need to respect everyone and recognize that everyone is chosen.

God himself says to the prophet Amos in 9:7:

“Are you not like the children of the Ethiopians to Me, O children of Israel? Have I not brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt, and the Philistines from Caphtor, and Aram from Kir?”

Maimonides rejects the notion of chosen people. Maimonides' God lacks conscious will and such a deistic God cannot choose Jews or anyone else, and cannot choose at all.

Spinoza writes that "every nation is on a par with the rest, and God has not in these respects chosen one people rather than another."

Albert Einstein, the smartest man who ever lived, said Jews were not the chosen people and "have no different quality for me than all other people... I cannot perceive anything “chosen” about them."

Here we are. I have quoted three of Judaism's intellectuals, Maimonides, Spinoza, and Einstein, and God himself.

Thus, it is falsely attributed to Judaism that Jews think they are the chosen people.

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  • "Maimonides' God lacks conscious will and such a deistic God cannot choose Jews or anyone else, and cannot choose at all." Huh?
    – setszu
    Nov 11, 2023 at 0:41
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    "Spinoza writes" - Spinoza's philosophy was trash (he literally collapsed into pantheism because he didn't know how to properly deal with modal collapse and other related topics) and he was literally excommunicated and branded as a heretic, I don't know why he's being quoted here. Same with Einstein, the guy was an atheist and not particularly knowledgable about religion and philosophy itself.
    – setszu
    Nov 11, 2023 at 0:42
  • @setszu excommunicated by whom or from what? But yeah, I agree with you. DV’d this answer. Nov 11, 2023 at 0:44
  • @Seekinganswers Just google "excomunnication of Spinoza"
    – setszu
    Nov 11, 2023 at 0:45
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    Your insatiable love for buzzwords never fails to amuse me, Turk hill Nov 12, 2023 at 5:01

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