The concept of a chosen people is found in the Torah. However, there is another concept that I think we should recognize. We need to respect everyone and recognize that everyone is chosen.
God himself says to the prophet Amos in 9:7:
“Are you not like the children of the Ethiopians to Me, O children of
Israel? Have I not brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt, and the
Philistines from Caphtor, and Aram from Kir?”
Maimonides rejects the notion of chosen people. Maimonides' God lacks conscious will and such a deistic God cannot choose Jews or anyone else, and cannot choose at all.
Spinoza writes that "every nation is on a par with the rest, and God has not in these respects chosen one people rather than another."
Albert Einstein, the smartest man who ever lived, said Jews were not the chosen people and "have no different quality for me than all other people... I cannot perceive anything “chosen” about them."
Here we are. I have quoted three of Judaism's intellectuals, Maimonides, Spinoza, and Einstein, and God himself.
Thus, it is falsely attributed to Judaism that Jews think they are the chosen people.