What are the 7 keffulot mentioned in Tanya ch 3 page?

1 Answer 1


I'm sure others can expound at length, but basically it's referring to the 7 middos (i.e. the lower sefiros) in the terminology of Sefer Yetzirah, listed here (note the the Gra's translation into conventional kabbalistic terms). They're called "doubled" because they can each be expressed in two forms: "hard" (relating to judgement) and "soft" (relating to mercy). See here for more detail.

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