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המחדש בטובו בכל יום תמיד מעשה בראשית

In His goodness, He renews the work of creation every day, continuously

As explained by the Baal Shem Tov and cited by the Baal Hatanya in Book 2, Ch. 1 of the Tanya, the Dvar Havaya ("word of God") is constantly keeping the world in existence, without which the world would cease to exist.

Question: Has there been any discussion about the possibility of quarks and atoms being a physical manifestation of this Dvar Havaya that is keeping the universe in existence?

According to science all matter is essentially energy. Everything is constantly in motion. Electrons in the atom, and deeper down there are quarks, which are all in a constant frenetic state of motion.

What is unique about quarks and atoms is that you can see physically how even items that you would think are dead, like stones, are really made up of molecules or particles or whatever you want to call it that is essentially energy. Everything is constantly being energized by some Force. Nothing is dead matter.

Everything is essentially made up of a few of the same particles that are always in motion, and it's really all 99% empty space.


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    What do you mean by "Dvar Havaya"? Jun 21, 2023 at 17:52
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    Everything is a manifestation of the Word of G-d that sustains existence. What exactly is unique about quarks and atoms?
    – shmosel
    Jun 21, 2023 at 20:17
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    There was an excellent documentary produced around 1997 called, "Stephen Hawking's Universe" which discussed this concept without explicitly referencing biblical language. As I recall, Hawking said that the entire universe appears to wink in and out of existence constantly, but across infinite points. Think in the context of a pointillist painting. Our perception is of the whole set of points and therefore, we do not perceive the moment of non-existence. Hawking noted that "something outside of existence" appears to force the continuation of existence constantly. Jun 21, 2023 at 20:53
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    I'm not expert in cosmology or theology, but it seems quite trivial to prove that whatever science thinks is the most likely way the world works is the best guess we have for the "physical manifestation" of how God is running it.
    – Double AA
    Jun 21, 2023 at 21:35
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    @Deuteronomy I assume that's based on לעולם ה' דברך נצב בשמים as explained in Tanya: chabad.org/library/tanya/tanya_cdo/aid/7987/jewish/…
    – shmosel
    Jun 21, 2023 at 21:45

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The “Devar Havay’ah” is literally just what you said it is—G-D’s constant creation of the universe. The only reason the universe exists at any one moment is because G-D creates that moment and the things that happen in it. If G-D were to decide not to create the next moment, then the next moment would not exist. The universe doesn’t magically exist on its own. Everything exists only because G-D is currently, actively, and totally creating it, with every detail individually created every single individual instant.

Quarks and Atoms are just physical objects, constantly created exactly how and where they should be, over again at each individual moment. They are not the manifestation of anything in this context.

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    While your answer may be true, it does not address the specific question i.e. Has there been any discussion about the possibility of quarks and atoms being a physical manifestation of this Dvar Havaya that is keeping the universe in existence? Jun 23, 2023 at 11:06
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    @AvrohomYitzchok could you explain your issue? "every detail individually created" sounds like it includes quarks and atoms to me? QwertyCTRL if no one has mentioned it yet: you really would benefit us all if you included sources in your answers
    – Rabbi Kaii
    Jun 23, 2023 at 16:23
  • I edited the question and added the word "observable". >> Are quarks and atoms an observable physical manifestation of the Dvar Havaya that is keeping the universe in existence?
    – larry909
    Aug 8, 2023 at 0:07

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