I read that the name "di-carnosa" (Fleshy God) and other names and prayer texts derive from Shabbatay Tzvi Sect influence in Sephardic Liturgy. I couldn't find a compiled and organised source for these add-ons.

In my experience I've found many such "paradoxal" additions and today I found that I was actually correct regarding the strange aspect of the prayers etc.

Does anybody actually have a list of all these texts etc? Better if in an academic format, I may write about it sometime in the future.

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    The origin of that particular Holy Name is the subject of a three-way machlochet (completely Kosher origin/taken from a Jew forced to convert to Catholicism/Shabbati Tsvi sect) and I suspect that any such list would also be full of similar ambiguities Commented Apr 14, 2023 at 9:46
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    Where did you read this please?
    – Rabbi Kaii
    Commented Apr 14, 2023 at 10:05
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    Highly related: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/113989/11486
    – ezra
    Commented Apr 14, 2023 at 15:11
  • Interesting comment on diaqarnosa in fn. 92 of Hakham Faur's essay Anti-Maimonidean Demons Commented Apr 16, 2023 at 21:48

1 Answer 1


There is no consensus as to who added DiKarnosa, but most importantly is this error's deletion from our Mahzorim.

Some Sephardic liturgies, such as the Spanish-Portuguese and select Vienna editions of the Turkish rite delete it.

  • This doesn't really answer the question- and how do you know it's an error? Commented Apr 16, 2023 at 11:45

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