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Is there anything that would prevent praying while showering/bathing? If so, what is the Torah principle behind the reasoning? For example, is it a question of modesty?

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  • Do you mean prayer as in the Shimonei Esrei? Or as in "Please G-d don't let me slip in the shower"? Commented Jan 12, 2023 at 18:57
  • @יהושעק I'm wondering about prayer in general.
    – The Editor
    Commented Jan 12, 2023 at 18:59
  • Have you considered accepting my answer? Commented Jan 26, 2023 at 9:35

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The Orach Chayim 85:2 forbids saying the Shema in a bathhouse, and the Rema extends this ban even on learning the halakhot of a bathhouse (see also Berakhot 24b, Mishnei Torah Keriat Shema 3:4). You are not allowed either to say the Shema or blessings while your sensitive parts are not covered (Berakhot 25b, Orach Chayim 74, Mishnei Torah Keriat Shema 3:16–17), so I don't think that there is a way to pray while bathing. The only exception is the case of a murky mikveh, where the water is not transparent and your full body (except your head) is covered with the water (Berakhot 25b, Orach Chayim 74:2). The scriptural basis of these modesty rules are from Devarim 23:15:

כִּי֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהֶ֜יךָ מִתְהַלֵּ֣ךְ ׀ בְּקֶ֣רֶב מַחֲנֶ֗ךָ לְהַצִּֽילְךָ֙ וְלָתֵ֤ת אֹיְבֶ֙יךָ֙ לְפָנֶ֔יךָ וְהָיָ֥ה מַחֲנֶ֖יךָ קָד֑וֹשׁ וְלֹֽא־יִרְאֶ֤ה בְךָ֙ עֶרְוַ֣ת דָּבָ֔ר וְשָׁ֖ב מֵאַחֲרֶֽיךָ׃

For Hashem thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp, to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefore shall thy camp be holy; that He see no unseemly thing in thee, and turn away from thee.

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  • There are opinions that modern bathrooms are clean enough that this doesn't apply. I wonder if any of those opinions are legitimately held nowadays (as far as I know, everyone holds that we can't even think Torah thoughts in a bathroom, even if clean). A bath with bubbles might be the perfect place to catch up on a bit of learning!
    – Rabbi Kaii
    Commented Jan 12, 2023 at 19:05
  • Thinking and speaking are different in this regard and it's worth clarifying which are allowed where
    – Double AA
    Commented Jan 12, 2023 at 19:07
  • @DoubleAA indeed, I am thinking of turning it into a question but first I want to try and catch up on those sources.
    – Rabbi Kaii
    Commented Jan 12, 2023 at 19:08

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