For Noahides to understand the Noahide laws effectively and to understand what is the ideal and right way to take as a non-Jew not converted, it is necessary for him to study more than just the list of obligations. If he has the intent to learn about the Noahide laws deeper (than just the surface literal understanding) and to learn the proper path for someone like himself, then the studying of all parts of the Oral Torah should be made permissible for him. This makes it possible for him to effectively act on Torah that relates to him and his world. Arguments as follows.

Understanding what a law actually is. Interpreting by פשט alone is dangerous. Exegesis at all four levels is needed for the Noahide to properly understand the law and subsequently carry out. Exegesis is learned from the Oral Torah and also found there are answers to simple questions like “what is a mitzvah?”. This would give the Noahide the right context to interpret their laws and obligations correctly.

Understanding God - Knowing God. How does His providence work, how can man have a relationship with Him, etc. - This is explained by all parts of the Oral Torah. Knowledge of HaShem is important for the Noahide to have because it will influence his behavior his decisions, etc. For example, is not Shabbat intricately connected with God’s creation of this world? And is not the creation of this world intricately connected with God Himself?

Learning the Hebrew language with intent to clarify Noahide laws and proper gentile path. Without the Oral Law the Noahide would fail to obtain a precise understanding of what the text is trying to convey because of the lack of Nikud.

Jewish ideology, that is, ideal and true ideology; and understanding righteousness. Having the proper intent–to best fulfill gentile obligations and to make choices driven by moral guidance–the Noahide should have access to study all parts of the Oral Torah, so that he has knowledge of the proper way and so that he can for example model his behavior after holy men. Surely proper gentile culture is not secular.

The Noahide has the obligation to pray to God. But without study of the Oral Torah he is left wanting. Given he has the proper intent–to learn say about tefillin or about Jewish rituals or even about esoterical practices knowing that these are applied by Jews only (though the Rambam held [in Mishneh Torah] that gentiles can do many Jewish practices out of curiosity or as an optional mitzvah) and learn about such topics to know more about God and how prayer is conducted by His chosen people–his study of the Oral Torah would help him in this obligation.

Proper intimacy. All parts of the Oral Torah give detail on this. Being barred from having forbidden sexual relations is not enough. But proper intimate practices should also be known by the Noahide, so that he doesn’t follow the ways of immorality and being suffering to the world.

Establishment of laws and courts of justice. Surely these courts should not be secular. For a gentile judge to know how to properly rule over a court and how to form it, it is necessary to study Jewish best practices exhibited in their bet din and being derived from the Oral Torah. It is important for judges to avoid making judgements that are abhorrent to God and to judge in a way that settles the world yishuv olam.

How to fight the evil inclination. Limiting gentile Torah study to a leaflet of a few laws and their descriptions is not as effective as studying the depths of the Oral Torah and the critical advice therein brought by the holy Jewish sages.

In our times, Noahides generally lack a strong community with the right morals, and so they should be given the (s)word–the Torah in its full breadth–given they have the proper intention (as discussed above), to protect themselves and their communities.

  • @Fred Thank you. This is slightly different. Here there is an emphasis placed on the intent of the Noahide.
    – tafeadogo
    Jan 2 at 4:33
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    Hi and welcome to Mi Yodea. It seems like you're disturbed by the lack of meaningful venues to connect to God in performance of Mitzvot for Noahides. Perhaps you're letting emotion get in the way of Halacha here. If they want to be a part of the club, there's a way to join. Otherwise, the basic seven is the way to go and that's it. The ninth and tenth chapters of Rambam's Hilchot Melachim should be sufficient. Performance of Mitzvot should not be mixed with deepened study. There's what to discuss in terms of a judicial system (Rambam vs. Ramban) but more or less the oral law is off limits.
    – MDjava
    Jan 2 at 5:48
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    @Andrew Your question is not identical. However, the answers to that question address a number of points/premises in your post. For instance: 1) The areas of study permissible to a Noahide are broad, per some of the points made in your question. 2) A non-Jew is not literally stoned (nor otherwise executed) for studying Torah under any circumstance, nor would a non-Jew have ever been executed at any point in history for studying Torah. 3) Even the "theoretical" heavenly death penalty for forbidden study seems to be merely figurative and not literal. 4) A non-Jew is praised for permitted study.
    – Fred
    Jan 2 at 6:00
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    @YakkOv That's correct, if a court would ever impose a capital punishment on a non-Jew, it would be via סייף (Sanhedrin 71b, for instance). I only mentioned stoning because, for some reason, that was mentioned by the OP and the author of the linked question. Although that is irrelevant here given there's no death penalty, it is worth correcting the misconception about stoning.
    – Fred
    Jan 2 at 9:16

1 Answer 1



There are sources (available upon request) saying that a gentile who engages in Torah, including the Oral Torah, can reach even the level of the Kohen Gadol on Yom kippur in the holy of holies

(The holiest level of a person, in the holiest place, at the holiest time)

When other sources says that it's in fact a negative effect, the gemara (Sanhedrin) says that it's negative in the case of the oral Torah that doesn't relate to the 7 laws, but those aspects that do, are referred to in the first level

There are other sources that Bnei noach may learn Chassidus (one can spend 80 years+ just in one Chabad Chassidus book to barely scratch the surface, lmk if you need help with the Hebrew and want to arrange a phone chavrusa)

This was said in regards to Jewish women who also are only supposed to learn the parts of the Torah that apply to them, that they should learn those parts of Torah laws that involve loving the Creator and having awe of Him, which is done through learning about His works, how exactly creation works every second, the nature of angels, the Sefiros, the nature of nature itself, the nature of miracles, the nature of Moshiach, and as you mentioned:

How to properly pray

Many parts of Chassidus explain specifically what to think about during davening

In fact that's the main reason why Chabad even started, because the Alter Rebbe had a choice to go some regular place to learn more Torah, or to the Maggid to learn how to daven

The Alter Rebbe reasoned that he already learned much Torah at that point in his life, but he hasn't yet learned so much how to properly daven, so he chose to go to the Maggid, where the Maggid taught him the secrets of Chassidus that he received from the Ball Shem Tov

Those secrets the Alter Rebbe later explained in detail, and are primarily recorded in the books of his discourses known as Torah Ohr and Likutei Torah, as well as numerous other volumes.

It took one of the later Chabad Rebeim more than 30 years to go through all of the Alter Rebbe's discourses

All of the other Chabad Rebeim said many more commentaries on the Alter Rebbe's own commentaries (on the Ball Shem Tov's teachings), and the central point of ALL of that is:

To explain to us how we can daven properly, by mediating on the greatness of G-d's works.

And that is one of the Mitzvos that relate to Noahides everywhere: knowing that there is one G-d, and davening to him every day

  • 3
    "There are sources (available upon request)" - please included them in, since this might improve the answer.
    – Shmuel
    Jan 2 at 10:11
  • This answer makes claims with no sources and digresses well beyond relevant information to the question.
    – MDjava
    Jan 3 at 5:33
  • @Shmuel the source is Meiri in Sanhedrin 59
    – user25706
    Feb 2 at 17:22

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