There are communities that recite special prayers on Shabbos Channukah they begin with אודך כי אנפת ותשוב. Do we know who wrote these and when?

  • This piyut was composed by Yosef of Carcassonne, a contemporary of Rashi. Rashi draws from this piyut ("המואסת כל עץ הדקיר המזנה") to interpret "שֵׁבֶט מֹאֶסֶת" in his commentary to Y'chezkeil 21:18, and that very same section of the piyut seems to be the source for Rashi on *Shabbos 23a, s.v. Hayu ("היו באותו הנס - שגזרו יוונים על כל בתולות הנשואות להיבעל לטפסר תחלה ועל יד אשה נעשה הנס"). See also judaism.stackexchange.com/q/87545
    – Fred
    Commented Dec 21, 2022 at 6:54

1 Answer 1


The author of the yotzer "odecha ki anafta" was R. Yosef b. Shelomo of Carcasonne (11th century CE). His signature (יוסף בן שלמה) can be seen in the final line:

יחידך וידידך סלה פקדוך, בל נדמית שיגבוך לבדוך, משבי הדרירם והכל יודוך, קדוש

The meorah "shenei zeitim" was authored by R. Shelomo ibn Gabirol (11th century CE). (The name שלמה is spelled out as an acrostic of the four stanzas.)

And the zulat "ein tzur chelef" is by R. Shelomo HaBavli (10th century CE). His signature (שלמה הקטן בירבי יהודה חזק) appears in the final lines:

שמור לפי מילים הט הקשב קובלים טרוד נוף בהולים יחיל רוזני בעלים. יציאת יום הילולים וקרע דין הוללים חזות קרוא כמהללים מי כמוכה באלים

The above piyutim are recited in the Western Ashkenazi tradition. In addition, the Eastern Ashkenazi tradition adds the ofan "kevodo or yazriach" when it is not also rosh chodesh. As far as I can tell, the authorship of this piyut is unknown.

For completeness' sake, the following piyutim are recited on the second shabbat of chanukah (in a year where that occurs):

In the Western Ashkenazi tradtion, the yotzer "odecha ki anitani" by R. Menachem b. Machir (11th century CE). (In Mainz they would also say the meorah "shenei zeitim", as on the first shabbat.)

In addition to the above, in the Eastern Ashkenazi tradition the following are also recited:

  • thank you that was very quick! I shall look this up... where did you find this info from? Commented Dec 6, 2022 at 9:57
  • 1
    @fulltimekollelguy Google! Searching the names of the piyutim (in Hebrew) normally comes up with all the details you need
    – Joel K
    Commented Dec 6, 2022 at 10:00
  • We forgot hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=42807&st=&pgnum=262
    – Double AA
    Commented Dec 25, 2022 at 0:24
  • @DoubleAA Which elokeichem is said on Shabbat Rosh Chodesh Tevet?
    – Joel K
    Commented Dec 25, 2022 at 6:51
  • IINM they are always cumulative and never pushed off (probably due to their length). The order is presumably rosh chodesh first.
    – Double AA
    Commented Dec 25, 2022 at 15:17

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