During the תקופתו של בית הראשון and even before, did forms of Tefilla and Limud b’Tzibur/ Basei Knessios exist among people?

During my years in Yeshiva, this topic was gently discussed. I remember hearing that during שנת שמיטה everyone would go to Batei midroshim and learn the whole year, and same with on Shabbat during a regular year. Other than that I have not heard of how a regular day would go for בני תורה בתקופת הבית הראשון

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    – Rabbi Kaii
    Oct 6, 2022 at 11:50
  • apparently where they would daven and learn would be two different places
    – Adam
    Oct 6, 2022 at 15:29
  • I have heard theorised that the 'minyan' was a mechanism created by chazal to keep yidden together once the Beis Mikdash was no longer a central focul point. If true, it follows that this would've started during first golus.
    – terryg
    Oct 8, 2022 at 22:46

1 Answer 1


Each tribe had their own nusach hatefillah (liturgy of prayer), and their was a thirteenth (the arizals one now) which is an all inclusive “master key” which we use nowadays as we don’t know which tribe we are from now.

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    – mbloch
    Oct 8, 2022 at 16:32
  • Im not sure how accurate that is... Ashkenaz ,sefaradi, temani etc nusachot were not designed based off of which shevet the users were apart of. Currently, Leviim and Yisraelim dont have different nusachot. Plus much of our tefillos were written and instituted by Chazal (eg Amidah, Birkos hashachar, tachanun, etc) sometime during Ezra hasofers time.
    – Adam
    Oct 8, 2022 at 17:13
  • All the splits may have come after the churban, with each community adding what they wanted around the same basic nusach, and I have no clue what the other 12 nuschaos looked like. A possible answer to your point about the leviim would be the same as why they still say all the nesiim in Nissan. Oct 9, 2022 at 19:38
  • Regardless does not answer the question
    – Adam
    Oct 14, 2022 at 11:45

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