I don’t know so much about history and theology, but I saw the following list and I was hoping that someone could help me understand it;
I saw R Dovid Gottlieb in "Reason to Believe" classify the following groups as “Breakaways from Judaism” (this list is not written explicitly - it's only my compilation);
- Jewish Idol worshipping sects during second temple
- Hellenized Jews of second temple
- Jews who intermarried during Babylonian exile
He did not mention Islam or Christianity, which I’m assuming means that he doesn’t classify them as “Breakaways from Judaism”.
(He doesn't mention Reform, Conservative, and Reconstructionist etc. because they’re relatively recent).
(R Gottlieb explains in "Reason to Believe" that the reason he added Marranos to the list, is because their approach was against Jewish Law. His purpose is NOT to degrade/look down upon the Marannos, but simply to point out that they did not live according to the Jewish law)
- What are possible formulations of his definition of “Breakaways from Judaism” based on what he does and doesn’t include in the list?
- Are there any other groups that I haven’t mentioned yet that ought to be in the list/exceptions?