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So there were 24 mishmaros in the BHMK, and both kohanim, leviim went 2x a year, along with ma'amados of Yisraelim. This work for a shana peshutah, but what about for a shana meuberes? Does the mishmar just shift to the next family, or is there another system for this? What about the ma'amados?

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  • A year is 50-51 weeks not 48.
    – Chatzkel
    Sep 19, 2022 at 14:47
  • @Chatzkel yom tov doesn't count, but still not an exact match
    – Double AA
    Sep 19, 2022 at 14:47
  • @DoubleAA really? The Mishnah says that the mishmar of YT would get the lechem hapanim
    – Chatzkel
    Sep 19, 2022 at 14:48
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    Anyway, from the Mishnah that says whoever was the mishmar by yovel would get the lands of hekdesh, it would seem that it wasn’t pre ordained. They kept going week by week, and each year it would be different weeks. So a leap year was no different
    – Chatzkel
    Sep 19, 2022 at 14:50
  • @chatzkel which?doesn't sukkat 5:7 say the opposite
    – Double AA
    Sep 19, 2022 at 21:22

1 Answer 1

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A regular year is 353, 354, or 355 days which is 50 weeks plus 3, 4, or 5 days. The extra days are therefore part of the first mishmar of the next year. A leap year is 383, 384, or 385 days which is 54 weeks (+ 5 days), 54 weeks (+ 6 days), or 55 weeks even. The mishmaros (and ma'amados) therefore just continue week by week with no special changes. Each shabbos goes to the next family each week.

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