When did the tradition of interpreting Shavuot as commemorating the giving of the Torah ("Zman matan toratenu") begin and what is the first source for that?

In the Torah itself, Shavuot is called the Feast of the Harvest (חג הקציר, Chag HaKatzir)[Exodus 23:16]; the Feast of Weeks (חַ֤ג שָׁבֻעֹת֙)[Exodus 34:22, Leviticus 23:15-21, and Deut. 16:9–11]; and the Feast the First Fruits (יום הבכורים) [Numbers 28:26] Nothing about the giving of the Torah.

Edit: The proposed answer, Where in Tanach is Shavuot associated with Matan Torah?, does not answer my question. What is the earliest source that interprets Shavuot as commemorating the giving of the Torah? (For openers, where in the Talmud is this interpretation?)

  • Does this post give the oldest source for this interpretation? May 15, 2022 at 6:08
  • it gives many opinions as to what the oldest source is
    – Esther
    May 18, 2022 at 15:52


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