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Is there any halachic work around for a Jewish Temple and an Islamic shrine to be on the Temple Mount at the same time? I am talking about the the shrine know as Qubbat aṣ-Ṣakhra (or in English as the Dome of the Rock).

Are there any halachic restrictions on an Islamic shrine being on the Temple Mount? I am envisioning a scenario where both buildings are next to each other.

Can the Temple Mount be shared?

Islam, which is monotheistic, came into the picture way after the Gemara was finished (hence such a question was never brought in our legal codes). How would the Tannaim respond to this question?

Assuming that the Temple is in the halachically correct spot and the shrine is wherever they want it to be.

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  • Are you assuming they need to be in the same spot or just both somewhere up on the platform?
    – Double AA
    May 11 at 14:21
  • Assuming that the Temple is in the halachically correct spot and the mosque where ever they want it to be. May 11 at 14:28
  • Ok, but if where they want it to be is the same spot we want our Temple then you'll still have a problem.
    – Double AA
    May 11 at 14:29
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    on Har Habayis you can't have any other structure. Rashi says that "lo sita lecha asheira kol eitz eitzel mizbach hashem elokecha" refers to planting any tree or building a house on Har Habayis
    – Esther
    May 11 at 15:20
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    @Esther rambam rules that only apply in the azara (rashi on chumash is quoting the first half of the sifri, but he may agree halacha is like the other opinion). Indeed historically there was plenty of stuff up on har habayit in second temple times.
    – Double AA
    May 11 at 15:24

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It is important to differentiate between the sanctified section of Temple Mount, which is 500 amot (roughly 270m) by 500 amot (Midot 2:1), and the entire site of today, which is much bigger.

There would not be any problem with a mosque on the non-sanctified area.

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