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The Rambam in Hilchos Melachim 8:10-11 (see also Likkutei Sichos vol. 26 p. 132) rules it is a prerequisite of the 7 Noahide Laws that Gentiles bide by them because it says so in “the Torah of Moses".

"Anyone who accepts upon himself and carefully observes the Seven Commandments is of the Righteous of the Nations of the World and has a portion in the World to Come. This is as long as he accepts and performs them because (he truly believes that) it was the Holy One, Blessed Be He, Who commanded them in the Torah, and that it was through Moses our Teacher that we were informed that the Sons of Noah had already been commanded to observe them. But if he observes them because he convinced himself logically, then he is not considered a Resident Convert and is not of the Righteous of the Nations of the World, but merely one of their wise."

Accordingly, does the Christian doctrine of the abrogation of the “Old Testament” by the “New Testament” of Yoshke, disqualify adherents of Christianity as Pious Amongst the Nations.

(Provided they don’t believe in the trinity nor consider Yoshke an incarnation of G-d ח״ו, otherwise they are oivdei avodah zarah mamash not shituf as per psak of HaRav Moshe Sternbuch ראב״ד of the Edah HaChareidis)

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Yes. See the Rambam you bring in the question.

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  • I understand, but it’s interesting I have never seen Poskim address it. Perhaps there’s a reason? May 3 at 9:26
  • It may depend on the following: Do they believe in Sinai only through Yoshke ימש"ו or maybe they do believe because of Moshe and it is only the “laws” that say were renewed. May 3 at 9:35
  • In the latter they do believe Moshe commanded them, so if they believe Yoshke only annulled laws he disagreed with, then the 7 Mitzvos remain through Moshe. But if yoshke came and renewed the Torah ח״ו then they would be disqualified as Pious Gentiles. May 3 at 9:53
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    How many Poskim discuss the qualifications for Bnei Noach after the Rambam?
    – robev
    May 3 at 20:35
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At first glance it seems they are disqualified as Pious Gentiles. However, it may depend on the following “chakira”:

If they believe in the Revelation at Sinai only because of Yoshke then they are definitely disqualified.

On the other hand, if they believe in the Revelation at Sinai intrinsically and that Yoshke only came and annulled commandments he disagreed with, then Moshe’s commandments remain unaltered. However even in this scenario if they believe Yoshke renewed the commandments ח״ו then again, they are disqualified as Pious Gentiles.

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  • I know that there are different people within Christianity that do firmly believe that the intention of everything that Jesus said, was not in order to "do away with Torah" G-d forbid, but to learn people to follow the Torah "beyond the letter of Law". In Matt. it says "I have not come to abolish Torah". The Apostle Paul also says that if you do not follow Torah, you should deserve death penalty. – Would this make a difference? Halachically speaking?
    – Shmuel
    May 3 at 16:33
  • @Shmuel Yeah definitely, they would fit this prerogative in Halacha. But they still have to know about the 7 Noahide Laws, and not just keep them by default. I didn’t know about such people until Deuteronomy above commented there are such Christians. I wonder what they do with the places in the NT that say otherwise. May 3 at 16:45
  • So, actually, it never says that. "Main-stream Christianity" made that from the text, due to anti-semitism. There are several places where it says that the whole point of those teachings, is to fulfill G-ds Torah out of love, not because it's a must, but because Hashem loves us.
    – Shmuel
    May 3 at 17:01

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