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Chazal bring down that human history follows the seven days of creation, with each day representing 1,000 years, and the seventh day being a day of rest. Therefore, it follows that Moshiach must come no later than the year 6,000 of history in order for the last thousand years of the seven thousand to be the day of rest and Messianic Kingdom. However, is there a teaching that for Moshiach to come with mercy, because we got our act together, the deadline might be a couple hundred years earlier, approximately, than if we don't get our act together, and Moshiach comes from Divine providence to, in layman's terms, bail us out at the last minute?

Is there an earlier deadline for Moshiach to come with mercy than to come with more judgement/harshness/sufferings, and if so, what is the date of that earlier deadline? (If my english terminology is not clear, see comment below for clarification)

Todah rabah!

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  • Terminology clarification: I think the terms mercy and judgement here can be confusing, because one might say that if we don't merit the Redemption ourselves, then it is an even bigger mercy for Hashem to still redeem us at all, even with judgement and harshness, than if Moshiach comes "with mercy" because we merit it, but, I don't know better terms to use so those are the ones I used. With that clarification, I hope is comprehensible to everybody, whether they are familiar with english terminology, Hebrew, or both. Apr 17 at 23:19
  • If we got our act together, why should the deadline (for Moshiach to come with mercy) only be a couple hundred years earlier, approximately? Why not on that day (if we would but hearken to His voice)?
    – Tamir Evan
    Apr 18 at 3:10
  • The point is if we merit it with mercy, there is no deadline.
    – N.T.
    Apr 18 at 4:00
  • Your reference to the cycle of 6000 years corresponding to the 6 days of Creation and the seventh millennium relating to Shabbat are correct. But your assessment of how this relates to the coming of Moshiach and the final redemption is incorrect. The actual commencement of Shabbat in terms of G-d’s commandments isn’t at 3 medium stars. It is much earlier during the 6th day (Friday). We are at a different point in the cycle of redemption now. Apr 18 at 5:03
  • @TamirEvan I meant deadline as in last positive chance to do it with merit, but if the merit comes before the deadline, then yes, it would happen on that day. N.T., my understanding was that there is a deadline either way at the end of the 6th day, because the final 1000 years is reserved for the Messianic era and it must start on time. So if we don't merit it with mercy before the deadline, then it still comes, but with judgement. I read this in I think Talmud Sanhedrin. Apr 18 at 5:33

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