... when do we follow the majority? It is in a case where the disputing parties are equal in wisdom to one another. Here, however, Beit Shammai are sharper than Beit Hillel, and therefore they acted in accordance with their own opinion despite the fact that they were in the minority.
- What does it mean that Beit Shammai are sharper? Obviously, that cannot mean that they had better sources or arguments, otherwise they would not have been a minority. How do we know that they were sharer? total IQ? ;-)
- Why is the majority rule (applied to the beis din members, of course!) limited by "sharpness"? The scripture just says "majority".