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According to Exodus 20:2-3

"I am the Lord, your God, Who took you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall not have the gods of others in My presence.

There are various other instances where "your God" is said in reference to the Jewish nation.

Are there any sources that show Hashem being called the God of any other nation or people?

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    the word "your" does not have to mean yours exclusively. "your country", "your city", "your parents", etc. these are things that are yours but also may be shared by someone else
    – ezra
    Feb 20, 2022 at 1:21
  • reason for downvotes? Feb 21, 2022 at 7:54
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    Unfortunately, people don't always explain why they downvote.
    – Harel13
    Feb 21, 2022 at 9:55
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    There was also a mixed multitude of people there in Exodus 20:2-3 that God also redeemed from slavery. So I don't think this verse is referring only to the Jewish people, but rather everyone at Sinai whether Jewish or from another country/ethnicity.
    – Aaron
    Feb 21, 2022 at 21:33
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    @Bpotential This simply means that God identifies as the God of Israel. With Israel, it is personal, He gave Himself over like a husband to a wife, a sense of belonging, a romantic statement. But of course, there is only one God so you can't say the nations have another god chas veshalom.
    – Rabbi Kaii
    Nov 12, 2022 at 18:04

6 Answers 6

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Jeremiah 32:27

'Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh; is there any thing too hard for Me?

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Yes, there is such a passage:

Hosea 2:23 ...I will have compassion on her on whom compassion was not had, and I will say to a people that was not my people: Thou art my people, and they: Thou art my God.

Israel cannot be "her on whom compassion was not had," since God called Abraham from idolatry to be sons of the living God and showered them with mercy above any nation; and from the rest of Scripture we know who "My People" refers to, namely, "Israel:"

2 Samuel 7:10 And I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, and they shall dwell therein, and shall not be disturbed any more, neither shall the children of iniquity afflict them any more, as they did before.

So we see that God explicitly says that another people shall Israel shall be called His people, and that, therefore, they will say of Him, "Thou art my God."

But this isn't so shocking or sandalous, since converts to Judaism from other nations were existent, very much so, and therefore considered as much a part of Israel as anyone else: there was a very real conception of non-Jews by birth being capable of becoming Jews by circumcision, that is, of converts to the Jewish faith.

Judith 14:6 Then Achior seeing the power that the God of Israel had wrought, leaving the religion of the gentiles, he believed God, and circumcised the flesh of his foreskin, and was joined to the people of Israel, with all the succession of his kindred until this present day.

And of course there was the belief among the Maccabees that uncircumcised state of even uncircumcised Jewish children was 'heathenish,' and needed corrected as part of the crusade for restoring the tradition and orthodoxy to the Hellenized Jews:

1 Maccabees 2:46 And they circumcised all the children whom they found in the confines of Israel that were uncircumcised: and they did valiantly.

Moreover, God selected the Israelite people to be a light to the Gentiles, that is, the leaders and showers of the way, not the sole beneficiaries of the way:

Isaiah 49:6 And he said: It is a small thing that thou shouldst be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to convert the dregs of Israel. Behold, I have given thee to be the light of the Gentiles, that thou mayst be my salvation even to the farthest part of the earth.

God chose Israel, but His sights were to all mankind, with Israel at the helm, showing the way, exemplifying the grace God grants to sinners, and showing the excellence of keeping His law, and the fruits thereof. The salvation and mercy He had on Israel was intended for all men, but He needed to form a people who were fully His first, in order to show that this is possible, admirable, and that in the very act of choosing a people among infinitudes of people, that it was all by the mercy of God: since He didn't choose Israel for its greatness: this is how the mercifulness of God is shown in choosing a special people to be a light to the Gentiles.

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    The New Testament is not an elephant in the room here. It's not even in the room at all. This is a Jewish site; by and large we don't care what is written in that work. Be careful, SolaGratia.
    – Double AA
    Feb 20, 2022 at 0:57
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    Why are you using the term "pre-Christian" when describing Jewish belief throughout history? Also, we don't really care what the NT says. This is a Jewish site.
    – ezra
    Feb 20, 2022 at 1:28
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    @DoubleAA I invoked the New Testament as being relevant to the question on a purely historical/cultural level; I did not invoke it as an authority. It's an "elephant in the room" absolutely in the sense that it has to do with the biggest Jewish-born religion, the longest-lasting/persistent/known, and the one which is infamous for the very question being asked by OP. No quoting Paul as an authority on Judaism. No quoting Maccabees or Judith as an authority, for that matter. Only Hosea. I also don't appreciate vague threats ("be careful").
    – SolaGratia
    Feb 20, 2022 at 14:41
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    @Dr.Shmuel "we had a missionary masquerading as a rabbi on this site" I understand; and that's shameful. However, you don't need to have that worry or suspicion with me — I'm happily Christian and will remain so until I breathe my last. You don't have to worry about me being a pretend Rabbi lol. Nor that I'm here to convert anyone to any religion, including Christianity. Just here to offer what I think could be helpful answers. Sometimes they aren't, sometimes they are. God bless.
    – SolaGratia
    Feb 20, 2022 at 15:17
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    @Dr.Shmuel Elsewhere he writes that G-d used Christianity and Islam as a tool to teach the gentiles familiar Jewish concepts so that they may accept the Jewish messiah. In any case, I agree with R Asher, better a Christian than an atheist! At least a Christian (albeit wrong theology) is religious, has morals, and believes in the Bible. Also, 90% of Jews are secular. They think they are G-d. Isn't that more idolatrous!? Let's be honest here. How many Jews you know who are Christian? Meanwhile, Jews are plagued with atheism. Atheism is a bigger threat to Judaism than Christianity. That's a fact.
    – Turk Hill
    Feb 20, 2022 at 23:43
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The haftarah for P' Ki Tisa (excerpted from I Kings 18) concludes (Nusach Ashkenaz) with the the verse

וַיַּרְא֙ כָּל־הָעָ֔ם וַֽיִּפְּל֖וּ עַל־פְּנֵיהֶ֑ם וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ ה֙ ה֣וּא הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים ה֖ ה֥וּא הָאֱלֹהִֽים׃

And the people saw and fell on their faces and said: Hashem, He is G-d, Hashem, He is G-d.

They don't say ה׳ הוא ﭏקינו (Hashem, he is our G-d) and they only come to the realisation after turning aside to follow false deities (Baal being the one in question in this episode).

Throughout the prophets, we find references to G-d's universality, perhaps most famously in Zechariah (14:9)

וְהָיָ֧ה ה֛ לְמֶ֖לֶךְ עַל־כׇּל־הָאָ֑רֶץ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא יִהְיֶ֧ה ה֛ אֶחָ֖ד וּשְׁמ֥וֹ אֶחָֽד׃

And Hashem shall be King over all the earth; In that day Hashem shall be One, and His name one.

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In Reb Avigdor Miller On Tefilla (great book) one of the kavaonos he says for 'elokainu' in shema is that right now he is our G-d, but in the future he will be recognized as everyone's G-d. So while Hashem is the G-d of the whole world and the creator of the whole world, it isn't widely recognized.

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    Great observation! This also seems the idea of Rashi in his commentary on Devarim 6:4, "The Lord who is now our G-d and not the G-d of the other peoples of the world, He will at some future time be the One (sole) ה׳,"
    – Shmuel
    Feb 20, 2022 at 15:32
  • Interesting, thanks!
    – Kovy Jacob
    Feb 20, 2022 at 15:33
  • @KovyJacob If G-d is for everyone, is everybody chosen in the future?
    – Turk Hill
    Feb 20, 2022 at 18:52
  • @TurkHill what does that mean?
    – Kovy Jacob
    Aug 2, 2022 at 1:59
  • @KovyJacob I think Rashi is stating the idea that while G-d is only the G-d of the Jews now, He will be G-d of all people someday. Personally, I hold that G-d is the G-d of the world (ie everyone).
    – Turk Hill
    Aug 3, 2022 at 3:21
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Amos 9:7

הֲל֣וֹא כִבְנֵי֩ כֻשִׁיִּ֨ים אַתֶּ֥ם לִ֛י בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל נְאֻם־יְהֹוָ֑ה הֲל֣וֹא אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל הֶעֱלֵ֙יתִי֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם וּפְלִשְׁתִּיִּ֥ים מִכַּפְתּ֖וֹר וַאֲרָ֥ם מִקִּֽיר׃

To Me, O Israelites, you are just like the Cushites —declares the Lord. True, I brought Israel up from the land of Egypt, but also the Philistines from Caphtor and the Arameans from Kir.

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  • This suggests that someday other nations shall be chosen, too.
    – Turk Hill
    Feb 20, 2022 at 18:52
  • @TurkHill No it does not. It's simply saying God had a hand in the history of those people like he did with Israel
    – ezra
    Feb 21, 2022 at 19:38
  • @ezra Why didn't these people record what G-d did for them like we did?
    – Turk Hill
    Feb 21, 2022 at 20:01
  • Every culture tells its own history, filtered through its own cultural preconceptions. I would be more surprised if the Philistines didn't attribute their own history to Dagon or another of their idols.
    – Mike
    Feb 21, 2022 at 22:19
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    @TurkHill They did, but this was attributed to their gods instead. These events in the passuk actually happened in history, the Plishtim coming from Kaftor and Arami from Kir.
    – ezra
    Feb 22, 2022 at 0:47
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No. G-d is not just the G-d of the Jews but the G-d of all people. Moses said:

"If this G-d is G-d, he would live on every mountain. In every valley. He would not be only the G-d of Israel alone but of all men. It is said he created all men in his image. He would dwell in every heart. In every mind. In every soul."

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    Where did Moses say that?
    – Double AA
    Feb 20, 2022 at 0:56
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    Can't wait to read that 6th book of the Torah lol.
    – SolaGratia
    Feb 20, 2022 at 15:10

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