I know the hebrew vowels. However, I recently came across this word: כְּשֶׁעָמְ֒דָה. What are the three dots above the מ?

Another example: עַמְּ֒ךָ

In the same paragraph, I had וְהִדְלִֽיקוּ. What is the line below the ל?

Another example: קָדְשֶֽׁךָ

These marks seem like cantillation marks, however this is not a selection from the Tanach.

  • 1
    Where did you find these words. The three dots are a cantilation mark. The line shows where to put emphasis.
    – robev
    Commented Feb 18, 2022 at 2:41
  • It's from the Al Hanissim
    – Burt
    Commented Feb 18, 2022 at 2:52
  • 1
    Can you be more specific. Where did you copy this from.
    – robev
    Commented Feb 18, 2022 at 2:59
  • 1
    @Burt You should probably mention those things (along with a link to where you saw these examples) in the question itself.
    – Tamir Evan
    Commented Feb 18, 2022 at 4:48
  • 1
    @QwertyCTRL there never was a second answer
    – robev
    Commented Apr 30 at 4:48

1 Answer 1


Based off your comments, I have concluded that the symbols you are seeing are helpful aids that have been put in the Sefaria Siddur, apparently based on the Metsuda Siddur.

The three dots are to convey a "sheva na". That is, the sheva vowel is either a moving sheva (like the word "sheva"), or a resting sheva (like "ach"). The three dots conveys a moving sheva.

The straight line appears in most siddurim. It's called a meteg and conveys where to place emphasis when pronouncing a word. See Wikipedia article.

  • 2
    Regarding the Meteg: It [usually] appears in words where the emphasis is not on the last sylabel/vowel
    – Tamir Evan
    Commented Feb 18, 2022 at 4:37

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