I am delving into the concept of the rabbinical authority based on the following pasuk "If a case is too baffling for you to decide, be it a controversy over homicide, civil law, or assault—matters of dispute in your courts—you shall promptly repair to the place that the LORD your G-d will have chosen" [...] You shall act in accordance with the instructions given you and the ruling handed down to you; you must not deviate from the verdict that they announce to you either to the right or to the left.
Based on this, I have the following questions:
- The Torah states "If a case is too baffling for you to decide", does this means that you'll need to take a decision by yourself first, and then, when you do not know how to handle, "go to the place that the LORD your G-d will have chosen"?
- I've read that "R' Moshe Feinstein discusses how he rules based on his own reasoning and sometimes will argue on major achronim, because that is the way of the Torah." (is there a link for a citation?). Does this means, according to what I wrote on point 1, that you will first need to come with your own decision according to your best knowledge?
- Rabbi Dov Linzer writes " What is the basis for Rabbinic authority to interpret Torah law? Ultimately, an explicit answer cannot be found in the Torah, as history makes clear. Going back to the time of the Second Temple, there were sects that rejected Rabbinic authority while fully accepting the authority of the Torah: the Essenes, the Sadducees, the Karaites. So much of what distinguished these groups lay in who they believed held the ultimate authority to interpret and apply Torah law. ". How can these sects reject the Rabbinic authority if the Torah states "If a case is too baffling for you to decide [...]. You shall act in accordance with the instructions given you and the ruling handed down to you"?