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"וַהֲבִיאוֹתִים אֶל־הַר קָדְשִׁי וְשִׂמַּחְתִּים בְּבֵית תְּפִלָּתִי
עוֹלֹתֵיהֶם וְזִבְחֵיהֶם לְרָצוֹן עַל־מִזְבְּחִי,
כִּי בֵיתִי בֵּית־תְּפִלָּה יִקָּרֵא לְכָל־הָעַמִּים׃"
"I will bring them to My sacred mount And let them rejoice in My house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices Shall be welcome on My altar; For My House shall be called A house of prayer for all peoples." Isaiah.56.7

The prophet calls the Temple " the House of prayer". That stumbles me, as the sages instituted the prayer as an alternative for Templaic sacrifices, as the Talmud says (Berakhot.26b): "רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן לֵוִי אָמַר: תְּפִלּוֹת כְּנֶגֶד תְּמִידִין תִּקְּנוּם", since both are called "עבודה" which God commands us on.

IIRC, there were no established public prayers (as opposed to blessings or sanctifications) recited in the Temple, neither the first nor the second.

Why would the prophet call the Temple "the house of prayer" and if the sacrifices will be reestablished, why would it be called so for all nations?

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    The concept of prayer existed before the end of the Temple, as we find the forefathers prayed.
    – N.T.
    Nov 19 at 8:11
  • See the Mishna, masechets Yoma and Rosh Hashanah, there were at least prayers in the Beit haMikdash on those holidays
    – Josh K
    Nov 19 at 8:17
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    I've heard it suggested that this was necessary to emphasize that this Temple would be different from temples for false gods found worldwide- first and foremost it would be a place of prayer, and only second for sacrifices. Something interesting that perhaps some here would not like hearing is that in the ancient city of Ugarit, a text was found telling the story of some Canaanite gods wanting to build a temple/palace for Baal. The structure is called in the story a "בית ארזים", which is how David referred to the Temple.
    – Harel13
    Nov 19 at 8:18
  • The view I mentioned above goes on to say that Shlomo intended to argue against the idolatrous view of a temple literally housing a god - hence, sacrifices - food for the gods - but was rather a place where people of all walks of life could come and pray to God.
    – Harel13
    Nov 19 at 8:18
  • @JoshK Please elaborate.
    – Al Berko
    Nov 19 at 8:20

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