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We all know when moshiach arrives all shuls will go to Eretz Yisroel

What will be with the many shuls that were confiscated and turned into churches and are still around?

What will happen with these beautiful shuls (after the avoda zoro is decimated)?

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  • an example is: dome of the rock on the makom hamikdosh. the dome will disintegrate. and the makom will become……..
    – user19400
    Oct 17, 2021 at 14:56
  • 1
    The dome of the rock isn't a church. It isn't even a mosque.
    – robev
    Oct 17, 2021 at 17:33
  • "We all know..." Do we?
    – Tamir Evan
    Oct 18, 2021 at 2:34
  • Who says the shuls will become churches? Wouldn't the churches become true monotheistic churches or shuls for non-Jews anyway?
    – Turk Hill
    Oct 18, 2021 at 3:28

1 Answer 1

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Presumably the question ONLY about confiscated shuls because if a shul was sold voluntarily (a serious question in halacha about when that may be done) due to a factor like the neighborhood deteriorated it unquestionably loses its status as a shul.

The Gemora Megilah 26 A says:

אָמַר רָבָא לֹא שָׁנוּ אֶלָּא שֶׁלֹּא מָכְרוּ שִׁבְעָה טוֹבֵי הָעִיר בְּמַעֲמַד אַנְשֵׁי הָעִיר אֲבָל מָכְרוּ שִׁבְעָה טוֹבֵי הָעִיר בְּמַעֲמַד אַנְשֵׁי הָעִיר אֲפִילּוּ לְמִישְׁתֵּא בֵּיהּ שִׁיכְרָא שַׁפִּיר דָּמֵי

The Mechaber OC 153:9 says

כשמוכרים אנשי הכפר ב"ה יכולים למכרו ממכר עולם והלוקח יעשה בו מה שירצה חוץ ממרחץ ובורסקי ובית הטבילה ובית הלוקח אפי' אלו הארבעה דברים etc.

When the residents of a village sell a synagogue, they may sell it as a permanent sale; and the buyer may make anything he wants with it - except for a bathhouse, a tannery, a ritual bathhouse, or a bathroom. But if the seven distinguished men of the city (ie. trustees) sold it in the presence of the residents of the city, the buyer can make [it into] even these four things

If however it was confiscated and made into a church then it should return to be a shul when Mosiach comes. That is part of the redemption of Mosiach! Even if the church makes significant changes to the building. A person can not make the items of someone else forbidden by worshipping it and even if a non-Jew improves a stolen item they still have to return it (Rambam Gezila 5:2)

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  • there is also a issue ……with a church turning into a shul or beth middrash etc .
    – user19400
    Oct 17, 2021 at 19:28
  • @user19400 Rav Moshe Feinstein writes (OC1:49, to Rabbi Hanover in NY) that he'll never give a heter to turn a church into a shul. Sure enough after that one responsum, it appears no one asked him about that again. (At least not that we see in the Igros.)
    – Shalom
    Oct 18, 2021 at 1:41
  • Thanks….so the question is these in the question,were shuls that were forced into churches
    – user19400
    Oct 18, 2021 at 2:21
  • Rav Moshe's own Yeshiva (The Yeshiva of Staten Island) was a former Catholic girls school with the former sanctuary being used as the Beis Medrash. For the first few years they learned and used the gym as the Beis Medrash but ultimately Rav Moshe allowed them to use the sanctuary as the Beis Medrash
    – Schmerel
    Oct 18, 2021 at 12:52
  • @Schmerel thanks. He indicates in the teshuva that it had been done before him and he wouldn't challenge those places that already did so, but he wouldn't give a heter to freshly convert any existing churches.
    – Shalom
    Oct 18, 2021 at 22:57

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