I just got a copy of The Eternal Link by R. Pinchas Winston and it states (on page 33), "the birth of Cain and Abel actually occurred before the expulsion from the Garden of Eden, not afterwards". Later in the chapter, R. Winston lays out, hour by hour, the events of the 6th day (and I do not see footnotes that tell me where he got each piece of information from so I can't follow up on the details). He lists (page 37) that in hour 8, Adam and Eve procreated and Eve bore Kayin and a twin sister. Hours 9-12 are full of the events related to the eating of the tree and the expulsion.
I know that not everyone agrees that Hevel was born beforehand -- this answer cites an opinion that says "הבל לא נולד באותו פעם". But that opinion doesn't say WHEN Hevel was born, just that he wasn't born at the same time as Kayin.
According to those who say that he was born before the expulsion, is there anyone who lists when during the day (in relation to Kayin) he was born?
According to those who say he was born at another time, does anyone state when that other time is? -------------edit----------------
The Jewish Tmeline Encyclopedia by Mattis Kantor cites medrash that both Kayin AND Hevel were born 40 years later. This answers questions and raises others.