Why in the prayer:
יי עז לעמו יתן , יי יברך את-עמו בשלום
is the word יברך followed by את,? Both יברך & יתן are forms of a verb. Does anyone have any sources that address this grammar sentence structure?
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As can be seen in this Wiktionary entry, the preposition את is
[u]sed to introduce a semantically definite direct object.
The first clause (ה' עוז לעמו יתן) contains no definite direct object (the direct object עוז (strength) is not semantically definite) and thus there is no need for את.
The second clause (ה' יברך את עמו בשלום) does contain a definite direct object - the semantically definite עמו (His people) is the direct object of the verb יברך (He will bless). Therefore, it is preceded by את.