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One of the most famous abbreviations in Jewish Hebrew texts is the word 'כו, meaning et cetera. However, I have heard and seen different forms of this abbreviation, and I want to know what does it really stand for?

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Wiki seems to link the abbreviation to וְכֻלֵּיה in Hebrew and וכֻּלּוֹ in Aramaic.

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  • I wonder where they get there source. I also have seen in the Saperstein Chumash וכולהו
    – user6781
    May 11 at 4:24
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    That’s not precisely what wiktionary is saying. The abbreviation is of the Aramaic וכוליה. They are just telling you that Aramaic וכוליה is equivalent to Hebrew וכולו.
    – Joel K
    May 11 at 5:11
  • you have the languages backwards. The yud hey is araamaic, the vav hebrew. May 11 at 19:42
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In common yeshiva parlance, 'וכו is pronounced וכולהו, with "וכולהו וכולהו" being used in place of "etc. etc."

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My Sifriati dictionary of initials and abbreviations by A. D. Melamed has וכולא as the extended form of 'וכו, and it is used like the English "etc."

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