In Emor, perek:21 posuk:17 the Torah says:

דַּבֵּ֥ר אֶֽל־אַהֲרֹ֖ן לֵאמֹ֑ר אִ֣ישׁ מִֽזַּרְעֲךָ֞ לְדֹרֹתָ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִהְיֶ֥ה בוֹ֙ מ֔וּם לֹ֣א יִקְרַ֔ב לְהַקְרִ֖יב לֶ֥חֶם אֱלֹהָֽיו׃

Speak to Aaron and say: No man of your offspring throughout the ages who has a defect shall be qualified to offer the food of his God.

Then just a few pesukim later (posuk 21), it states:

כָּל־אִ֞ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־בּ֣וֹ מ֗וּם מִזֶּ֙רַע֙ אַהֲרֹ֣ן הַכֹּהֵ֔ן לֹ֣א יִגַּ֔שׁ לְהַקְרִ֖יב אֶת־אִשֵּׁ֣י יְהוָ֑ה מ֣וּם בּ֔וֹ אֵ֚ת לֶ֣חֶם אֱלֹהָ֔יו לֹ֥א יִגַּ֖שׁ לְהַקְרִֽיב

"No man among the offspring of Aaron the priest who has a defect shall be qualified to offer the LORD’s offering by fire; having a defect, he shall not be qualified to offer the food of his God." (translations by sefaria)

What is behind this repetition?


1 Answer 1


From Rashi there:

כל איש אשר בו מום. לְרַבּוֹת שְׁאָר מוּמִין:
NO MAN THAT HATH A BLEMISH… [SHALL COME NEAR] — This is intended to include in the prohibition (besides the blemishes expressly mentioned in vv. 18—20) also other bodily blemishes (Sifra, Emor, Chapter 3 1). 2
מום בו. בְּעוֹד מוּמוֹ בּוֹ פָּסוּל, הָא אִם עָבַר מוּמוֹ כָּשֵׁר (ספרא): HE HATH A BLEMISH — These apparently redundant words imply: so long as he has the bodily blemish he is unfit for priestly service; (the translation is: מום בו while the blemish is in him, '‎לא יגש וכו‎ he shall not approach to offer); consequently, if his blemish disappears, he becomes again fit for it (Sifra, Emor, Chapter 3 6).

The commentators explain that "other blemishes" refers to anything that gives the kohen an unusual appearance.

  • I should have made it clearer, but my question was why the fact that a kohen with a mum may not serve was repeated, not why in the second posuk quoted it says 'mum' twice. But thank you for the insight anyway.
    – Simcha
    Apr 29, 2021 at 14:50
  • Your question is still answered. The Torah often repeats the basic idea to teach new halachos.
    – N.T.
    Apr 29, 2021 at 18:57
  • What extra halochos does the first posuk tell us?
    – Simcha
    Apr 30, 2021 at 10:26
  • The first posuk makes the second possuk extra, so that the second one is teaching new halachos.
    – N.T.
    Apr 30, 2021 at 11:01

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