This question is different than others I've read regarding mourning a Non-Jewish parent. I'm specifically interested in the case of a Noahide father and a Jewish mother who have divorced. What I mean by Noahide is someone who professes belief in HaShem, but does not attend any non-Jewish religious services or engage in any conduct forbidden to a non-Jew by the Torah. Going beyond this, the Jewish child was raised Jewish by the non-Jewish father, and through the father's active support eventual became religiously observant. What would be the proper way to mourn such a parent?

  • I've read that Rav Ovadia Yosef dealt with something similar in Yehaveh Da’at 6:60, but don't have access to it. Apr 6, 2021 at 20:13
  • Why would this be different than the question you claim it is different from?
    – Double AA
    Apr 6, 2021 at 20:52
  • @DoubleAA It's more specific. They're divorced so there is no issue of being in a forbidden relationship. There is no issue of the father maybe being an idolater, and no issue of conversion. Apr 6, 2021 at 23:31
  • Sure, but is there any reason to think any of those are relevant differences? I wasn't saying it was literally the same words as the other question.
    – Double AA
    Apr 6, 2021 at 23:39

2 Answers 2


You are asking whether a Jewish son should mourn his righteous non-Jewish father to whom he owes gratefulness for having raised him and supported his Jewish growth.

It is clear that there is no halakhic obligation to mourn for a non-Jew, at the same time certain mourning rites might be appropriate.

R David Brofsky in his book Hilkhot Avelut (p. 109) writes explicitly

The Torah does not recognize the relationship between a person born of a Jewish mother and his non-Jewish father

At the same time, for converts (and it also applies in this context), he continues

of course, a convert should treat his or her non-Jewish parents with appropriate respect (SA YD 241:9) [...] as an expression go gratitude for their having brought him into this world. (Igrot Moshe YD 2:130)

He then goes on to discuss which practices one can voluntarily adopt in such a case and suggests reciting Kaddish (R Ovadia Yosef in Yehave Daat 6:60 concurs and adds one should sit shiva, R Yaakov Ariel agrees with Kaddish but suggests saying it after Aleinu to distinguish between him and other orphans). He mentions rending his garments as a possibility but cautions against observing laws which compromise religious observance, e.g., refraining from Torah study.

See further sources and suggested practices here, here and here.


I know a woman who is the daughter of a Jewish woman and non-Jewish man. When her father died, she was not obligated to sit shiva, etc., but her rabbi (a well known charedi rav) did call her to express condolences. So I don't think there is a specific halachic requirement, but the child could mourn as seems appropriate.

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