In Genesis 22: 1 we read:
"And it came to pass after these things, that ha Elohim tested Abraham, and He said to him, "Abraham," and he said, "Here I am."
I see that the expression "ha Elohim" is constantly translated with "God" in all the Hebrew translations that I have consulted.
However, in a discussion about Abraham's trial that was held here in Italy at an evangelical Christian website, some Israeli Orthodox Jews intervened and claimed, based on what they say is contained in Midrashic traditions, that in reality the presence in the text of Elohim preceded by the article indicates that here reference is not made to HaShem, but to an earthly authority, to which HaShem would have given the task of punishing Abraham for having contracted a pact with the pagan king of Gerar Abimelech ( Genesis ch. 20), to whom Abraham would have given part of the land that had been promised to the descendants of Isaac. However, this "earthly authority" would have exceeded by ordering the death of Isaac, being the human sacrifice prohibited by the Law of HaShem (the Noahide Law , finding us before the Matan Torah, which effectively prohibits murder), an order, that of human sacrifice , which the Almighty could never have requested, not even in the form of a "test" against Abraham. Therefore, according to these Israeli Orthodox Jews "ha Elohim" in Genesis 22: 1 should be translated as "the authority"; according to one of these users, this authority should be identified with Shem ben Noach, who he claims to coincide with the figure of Melchizedek.
I asked these forum users to tell me what the precise Midrashic sources are in support of this interpretation, which I have never heard, but I have not received an answer.
I am indeed perplexed, and this for the following reasons:
-In Rashi's commentary there is no reference to this exegesis, and furthermore this master cites as sources Talmud Bavlì Sanhedrin 89b and Genesis Rabbah 5: 4 in which, except for my error, no reference is made to the intervention of this "authority ”, and instead the order is attributed to sacrifice Isaac directly to the Almighty;
-The Targum Onkelos translates “ha Elohim” of Genesis 22: 1 with Yud Yud, a name that the Targumins use exclusively for HaShem.
I therefore ask myself: but what are the actual Jewish sources that support the above interpretation?