"...for transgressions between a person and God, Yom Kippur atones; however, for transgressions between a person and another, Yom Kippur does not atone until he appeases the other person." Mishnah_Yoma.8.9

IIRC the Torah does not make any distinction between Mitzvot.

  • What is the origin of the division between interpersonal (בין אדם לחבירו) and God-related (בין אדם למקום) Mitzvot?
  • What are the criteria for the division?
  • Did anybody attempt to systematically classify the 613 Mitzvot by those criteria?

Please assume the question is not self-evident, for example, murder, physically hurting others, honoring parents, Tzedakka, etc.

  • 1
    You want to know where Chazal got that distinction? Seems like it's part of the Oral Torah.... – robev Mar 9 at 17:59
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    "What is the origin of the division" You quoted a Mishnah where that distinction is mentioned, you're not going to find much sources earlier than that. – Salmononius2 Mar 9 at 20:41

There is a kuntres by the Mabit called Iggeres Derech Hashem that divides the mitzvos between those two categories. It was published with a commentary Derech Moshe. I received a copy as a gift, so I don't know where it is available, if it is.

  • 1
    You can access it on Hebrewbooks -hebrewbooks.org/52558 and the newer version with the Derech Moshe commentary is available in any good sefer store eg - seforimsets.com/index.php?route=product/… – Dov Mar 12 at 8:30
  • @Dov I downloaded it but it's very short and I don't see anything that gets us any closer to an answer. – Al Berko Mar 12 at 10:14
  • @AlBerko I was just following up his point of him not knowing anything about the sefer's availability, in the hope that it would be helpful... – Dov Mar 12 at 10:49
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    It answers the last bit about if anyone classified the mitzvos by these criteria. It is short, but the mitzvos are divided into two parts. – N.T. Mar 12 at 12:13

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