When studying Esther 8:17, we read:

And in every province and in every city, wherever the king's order and his edict reached, [there was] joy and gladness for the Jews, a banquet and a festive day, and many of the peoples of the land became Jews because the fear of the Jews was upon them. ( וּבְכָל־מְדִינָ֨ה וּמְדִינָ֜ה וּבְכָל־עִ֣יר וָעִ֗יר מְקוֹם֙ אֲשֶׁ֨ר דְּבַר־הַמֶּ֤לֶךְ וְדָתוֹ֙ מַגִּ֔יעַ שִׂמְחָ֤ה וְשָׂשׂוֹן֙ לַיְּהוּדִ֔ים מִשְׁתֶּ֖ה וְי֣וֹם ט֑וֹב וְרַבִּ֞ים מֵֽעַמֵּ֤י הָאָ֨רֶץ֙ מִֽתְיַֽהֲדִ֔ים כִּֽי־נָפַ֥ל פַּֽחַד־הַיְּהוּדִ֖ים עֲלֵיהֶֽם )


  • Why would Esther 8:17 teach "Converting to Judaism" was prompted by פַּֽחַד־הַיְּהוּדִ֖ים instead of יִרְאַ֚ת יְהֹוָ֨ה ?

Is the phrase פַּֽחַד־הַיְּהוּדִ֖ים synonymous with יִרְאַ֚ת יְהֹוָ֨ה?


Not at all; in fact many commentaries say mityahadim means simply "claimed to be Jewish."

They were afraid of the political clout of the Jews; enlightened self-interest, that's all. The phrase is used in the megillah synonymously with "fear of Mordechai, because he was politically powerful."


there is also another explanation...

That the word aleihemmm refers to the amalekimm .The posuk is saying that as hamans camp got scared automatically people started to b interested in becoming geirimm

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